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See also:
U+9C39, 鰹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9C39

[U+9C38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9C3A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 195, +11, 22 strokes, cangjie input 弓火尸水土 (NFSEG), four-corner 27314, composition)

  1. a skipjack tuna, a bonito, Katsuwonus pelamis (Japanese)
  2. a great eel (Classical Chinese)
  3. a kind of shark

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1477, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46437
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2008, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4709, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9C39

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːn, *kʰriːn, *ɡiːn, *kʰins
*kʰriːn, *kʰiːn
*kʰriːn
*ɡriːn, *ɡriːns
*kiːn
*kiːn, *kiːns
*kiːn
*kʰiːnʔ
*kʰiːns, *kʰins
*ɡiːn
*ɡiːn, *ɢrin
*ɡiːnʔ
*kiŋs
*ɡiŋ
*ɡiŋ
*ɡjinʔ
*hŋiŋʔ
*kinʔ
*ŋɡriŋ
*kʰreːŋ
*kʰreːŋ
*kʰreːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kiːn): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kiːn).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/
Wang
Li
/kien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1332
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kiːn/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. skipjack tuna, oceanic bonito

ReadingsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
かつお
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

EtymologyEdit

/katuwo//kat͡suwo//kat͡suo/

Two possible derivations:

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かつお, katakana カツオ, rōmaji katsuo, historical hiragana かつを, historical katakana カツヲ)

  1. a skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis
  2. Short for 鰹木 (katsuogi): a log on the roof of a shrine set perpendicular to the ridgepole
  3. Short for 鰹節 (katsuobushi): smoked and dried skipjack tuna
  4. (obsolete) Short for 鰹虫 (katsuomushi): a biting midge; a water strider

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana かつお, rōmaji katsuo, historical hiragana かつを)

  1. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune–Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.