U+9C39, 鰹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9C39

[U+9C38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9C3A]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 195 +11, 22 strokes, cangjie input 弓火尸水土 (NFSEG), four-corner 27314)

  1. a skipjack tuna, a bonito, Katsuwonus pelamis (Japanese)
  2. a great eel (Classical Chinese)
  3. a kind of shark

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1477, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46437
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2008, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4709, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9C39

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːn, *kʰriːn, *ɡiːn, *kʰins
*kʰriːn, *kʰiːn
*kʰriːn
*ɡriːn, *ɡriːns
*kiːn
*kiːn, *kiːns
*kiːn
*kʰiːnʔ
*kʰiːns, *kʰins
*ɡiːn
*ɡiːn, *ɢrin
*ɡiːnʔ
*kiŋs
*ɡiŋ
*ɡiŋ
*ɡjinʔ
*hŋiŋʔ
*kinʔ
*ŋɡriŋ
*kʰreːŋ
*kʰreːŋ
*kʰreːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kiːn): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kiːn).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/
Wang
Li
/kien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1332
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kiːn/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
かつお
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

/katuwo/ → /katuo/

From compound of (kata, hard) +‎ (uo) +‎ fish, from the long-standing practice of drying lower-grade tuna into hard blocks.

Alternately, from compound of 搗つ(katsu, to subdue by striking) +‎ (uo, fish), from the way in which these fish were subdued when catching them.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かつお, katakana カツオ, romaji katsuo, historical hiragana かつを)

  1. a skipjack tuna

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.