See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːŋ, *klaːŋs): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic  ‎(OC *klaːŋ).

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金月廿山 (CBTU), four-corner 87120, composition)

  1. steel
  2. hard, strong, tough

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1309, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1810, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4220, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+92FC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Alternative formsEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (101)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kaŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (101)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gàng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑŋH/ /kɑŋH/ /kɑŋH/ /kaŋH/ /kɑŋH/ /kɑŋH/ /kɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gāng ‹ kang › /*C.kˤaŋ/ cast iron; steel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3715 0 /*klaːŋ/
3719 0 /*klaːŋs/

NounEdit

  1. steel

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

VerbEdit

  1. to sharpen, to whet

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はがね, romaji hagane)

  1. steel
     (はがね)のように (かた)い。
    Hagane no yō ni katai.
    Hard as steel.

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cương, gang, cang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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