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U+5203, 刃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5203

[U+5202]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5204]
刃 U+2F81E, 刃
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F81E
凵
[U+2F81D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 㓟
[U+2F81F]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note the compositional differences between traditional, simplified, and Japanese shinjitai in the placement of the additional stroke.

Han characterEdit

(radical 18, +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹戈 (SHI), four-corner 17420, composition丿(G) or ⿹(HTKV) or ⿻(J))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːnʔ, *njɯnʔ
*nɯn
*njɯnʔ
*njɯnʔ
*njɯns
*njɯns, *njɯŋs
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (knife) + .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵinH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕnH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rèn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nə[n]-s/
English edge of a blade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10831
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. blade; knife edge
  2. sword; knife
  3. to kill with a sword or knife

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. blade, edge
  2. bladed object (knife, sword, etc.)
  3. kill with a bladed object, put to the sword

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology 1Edit

/pa//fa//ha/

From Old Japanese.

Cognate with (ha, tooth).[1][2] Possibly also related to (ha, leaf). Compare English blade.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ha)

  1. an edge, blade
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
やいば
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/jaki pa//jakiba//jaĩba//jaiba/

Shift from 焼き刃 (yakiba), a compound of 焼き (yaki, burned, fired) +‎ (ha, edge, blade, see below).[1][2] The ha changes to ba as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やいば, rōmaji yaiba)

  1. a forged blade, such as a sword
  2. the wavy pattern formed in the metal on the surface of a forged blade
  3. a sword or similar edged weapon
  4. something sharp like a sword
  5. someone or something powerful
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1][2] Possibly cognate with Korean (nal, blade).

Obsolete in modern Japanese. Only found as an element in compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji na)

  1. (obsolete) a blade, edge
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 616),[3] text here
       (つるぎ) () () (なの)惜雲 (をしけく) (もわれ) () (なし) (きみ) ()不相 (あはず) () (とし) () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       (つるぎ) () () () ()しけくも ()れはなし (きみ) ()はずて (とし) ()ぬれば [Modern spelling]
      tsurugitachi na no oshikeku mo ware wa nashi kimi ni awazute toshi no henureba
      I do not even miss precious you, given the years that have passed without meeting with you.
      [Note: tsurugi tachi (“sword”) is a pillow word establishing a poetic association with the following na, literally meaning blade or edge and alluding to sharpness and importance. This na could also elliptically mean name ( na) or even you ( na), depending on context, based on the homophonic readings.]
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: S
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪnH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana じん, rōmaji jin)

  1. a blade, a sword
IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Satake, Akihiro; Hideo Yamada; Rikio Kudō; Masao Ōtani; Yoshiyuki Yamazaki (c. 759) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 1: Man’yōshū 1 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1999, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(in) (hangeul , revised in, McCune–Reischauer in)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhẫn, nhấn, nhận)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.