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See also:
U+56FA, 固
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56FA

[U+56F9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56FB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田十口 (WJR), four-corner 60604, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 218, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 445, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 716, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+56FA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kaːls
kaːls
kɯ, *kas
kaː, *kʰaː
kaː
kaː
kaː
kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
kaː
kaː
kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
kaː, *kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːs
kaːs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kʰaː
kʰaː
kʰaː
kʰaː
kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
qʰaː, *ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaːʔ
ɡaːʔ
ɡaːʔ
ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
ɡaːʔ
ka
ka
ka
ka, *kas, *kʰa
ka
ka
ka
ka
ka, *ɡa
kas
kas
kas
ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kaːʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/koH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔH/
Li
Rong
/koH/
Wang
Li
/kuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤa-s/
English fortified, secure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4230
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. firm
  2. solid
  3. to become solid; solidify
  4. strength
  5. firmly
  6. in the first place
  7. no doubt

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cố, , cuá)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.