See also: raíl

EnglishEdit

 
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Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɹeɪl/, [ɹeɪɫ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English rail, rayl, *reȝel, *reȝol (found in reȝolsticke (a ruler)), partly from Old English regol (a ruler, straight bar) and partly from Old French reille; both from Latin regula (rule, bar), from regere (to rule, to guide, to govern); see regular.

NounEdit

rail (plural rails)

  1. A horizontal bar extending between supports and used for support or as a barrier; a railing.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and kept hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.
  2. The metal bar that makes the track for a railroad.
    • 2013 June 1, “Ideas coming down the track”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 13 (Technology Quarterly):
      A “moving platform” scheme [] is more technologically ambitious than maglev trains even though it relies on conventional rails. Local trains would use side-by-side rails to roll alongside intercity trains and allow passengers to switch trains by stepping through docking bays.
  3. A railroad; a railway, as a means of transportation.
    We travelled to the seaside by rail.
    a small Scottish village not accessible by rail
    rail transport
  4. A horizontal piece of wood that serves to separate sections of a door or window.
  5. (surfing) One of the lengthwise edges of a surfboard.
    • c. 2000, Nick Carroll, surfline.com [1]:
      Rails alone can only ever have a marginal effect on a board's general turning ability.
  6. (Internet) A vertical section on one side of a web page.
    We're experimenting with ads in the right-hand rail.
  7. (drugs) A large line (portion or serving of a powdery illegal drug).
    • 2013, Jason Isbell, "Super 8":
      Do a couple rails and chase your own tail

Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from the noun rail
DescendantsEdit
  • Catalan: rail
  • Dutch: rail
  • French: rail

TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

rail (third-person singular simple present rails, present participle railing, simple past and past participle railed)

  1. (intransitive) To travel by railway.
  2. (transitive) To enclose with rails or a railing.
    • 1726, John Ayliffe, Parergon juris canonici Anglicani
      It ought to be fenced in and railed.
  3. (transitive) To range in a line.
Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From French râle, Old French rasle. Compare Medieval Latin rallus. Named from its harsh cry, Vulgar Latin *rasculum, from Latin rādere (to scrape).

NounEdit

rail (plural rails)

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

  1. Any of several birds in the family Rallidae.
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle French railler.

VerbEdit

rail (third-person singular simple present rails, present participle railing, simple past and past participle railed)

  1. To complain violently (against, about).
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, "The Merchant of Venice" (First folio)
      Till thou canst raile the seale from off my bond
      Thou but offend'st thy Lungs to speake so loud:
      Repaire thy wit good youth, or it will fall
      To endlesse ruine. I stand heere for Law.
    • 1882, Mark Twain, The Stolen White Elephant, [2]
      Now that the detectives were in adversity, the newspapers turned upon them, and began to fling the most stinging sarcasms at them. This gave the minstrels an idea, and they dressed themselves as detectives and hunted the elephant on the stage in the most extravagant way. The caricaturists made pictures of detectives scanning the country with spy-glasses, while the elephant, at their backs, stole apples out of their pockets. And they made all sorts of ridiculous pictures of the detective badge—you have seen that badge printed in gold on the back of detective novels no doubt, it is a wide-staring eye, with the legend, “WE NEVER SLEEP.” When detectives called for a drink, the would-be facetious barkeeper resurrected an obsolete form of expression and said, “Will you have an eye-opener?” All the air was thick with sarcasms. But there was one man who moved calm, untouched, unaffected, through it all. It was that heart of oak, the chief inspector. His brave eye never drooped, his serene confidence never wavered. He always said: “Let them rail on; he laughs best who laughs last.”
    • 1910, "Saki", H. H. Munro, The Bag,[3]
      The Major’s fury clothed and reclothed itself in words as frantically as a woman up in town for one day’s shopping tries on a succession of garments. He reviled and railed at fate and the general scheme of things, he pitied himself with a strong, deep pity too poignent for tears, he condemned every one with whom he had ever come in contact to endless and abnormal punishments.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 27:
      Chief Joyi railed against the white man, whom he believed had deliberately sundered the Xhosa tribe, dividing brother from brother.
    • 2012 June 4, Lewis Smith, “Queen’s English Society says enuf is enough, innit?: Society formed 40 years ago to protect language against poor spelling and grammar closes because too few people care”, in The Guardian[4], London, archived from the original on 10 March 2016:
      The Queen may be celebrating her jubilee but the Queen's English Society, which has railed against the misuse and deterioration of the English language, is to fold.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle English rail, reil, from Old English hræġl (garment, dress, robe). Cognate with Old Frisian hreil, reil, Old Saxon hregil, Old High German hregil (clothing, garment, dress).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

rail (plural rails)

  1. (obsolete) An item of clothing; a cloak or other garment; a dress.
  2. (obsolete) Specifically, a woman's headscarf or neckerchief.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fairholt to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Probably from Anglo-Norman raier, Middle French raier.

VerbEdit

rail (third-person singular simple present rails, present participle railing, simple past and past participle railed)

  1. (obsolete, of a liquid) To gush, flow.
    • a. 1472, Thomas Malory, “Capitulum iv”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book V, [London: [] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, OCLC 71490786; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur [], London: David Nutt, [], 1889, OCLC 890162034:
      his breste and his brayle was bloodé – and hit rayled all over the see.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.2:
      So furiously each other did assayle, / As if their soules they would attonce haue rent / Out of their brests, that streames of bloud did rayle / Adowne, as if their springes of life were spent [].

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rail.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rail m (plural rails)

  1. rail
    Synonym: carril

Further readingEdit

  • “rail” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rail.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rail f (plural rails, diminutive railsje n or railtje n)

  1. rail

Usage notesEdit

The diminutive railsjes is only used if used for railway tracks.[1]

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: rel

ReferencesEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English rail.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rail m (plural rails)

  1. rail

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


SpanishEdit

NounEdit

rail m (plural railes)

  1. (rare) Alternative form of raíl

Further readingEdit