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See also:
U+9F94, 龔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F94

[U+9F93]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F95]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 212, +6, 22 strokes, cangjie input X卜心廿金 (XYPTC) or 卜心廿金 (YPTC), four-corner 01801, composition)

  1. give, present
  2. reverential
  3. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1537, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2078, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4805, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9F94

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
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Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs, *ɡloːŋs
*qʰloːŋ, *qʰloːŋs, *ɡoːŋ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋʔ
*kloŋ, *ɡloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *kloɡ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*ɡloŋ
*kloɡ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kéng - vernacular;
  • kióng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/kioŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*k<r>oŋ/
English respectful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4168
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to supply
  2. to respect
  3. to follow
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. give
  2. present
  3. referential

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): きょう (kyō), (ku), よう (yō), (yu)
  • Kun: そなえる (sonaeru)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune–Reischauer kong, Yale kong)

  1. polite, reverent
  2. to supply
  3. respect