See also:
U+5DF7, 巷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF7

[U+5DF6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF8]

Translingual edit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 49, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿金口山 (TCRU), four-corner 44717, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 327, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8756
  • Dae Jaweon: page 631, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 986, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5DF7

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨞠
𨜕

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɡroːŋs) : phonetic (OC *kloŋ, *ɡloŋs) + semantic (oneself)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *grwaŋ (village; crossroads) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan གྲོང (grong, house; village; town). Old Khmer កុរុង (kuruṅ, to rule; ruler; king) (whence Khmer ក្រុង (krong) and Thai กรุง (grung)) is probably unrelated (Schuessler, 2007).

Wu (lon, “alley”) and Jin 黑浪 (heh4 lon2, “hutong”) are dialectal variants which support the Old Chinese *gr- initial cluster of (OC *ɡroːŋs) (Schuessler, 2007). Compare also 衚衕胡同 (hútòng, “hutong”).

Pronunciation edit


Note: hàng - only used in 巷道 (Mainland standard).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /xaŋ²¹/ ~子
/xaŋ⁴⁴/ 地名
Xining /xɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ¹³/
/ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /xɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /xɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /xaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /xaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹³/
/ɕiaŋ/
Kunming /xã̠¹/
Nanjing /ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ³⁵/
/xuə³⁵/ 巷子
Hohhot /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦiɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ²²/
Hui Shexian /xa²²/
Tunxi /xau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xan⁵⁵/
/xan¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn²¹/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /hoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /hoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²²/
Nanning /hɔŋ³⁵/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /haŋ²²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /hɔyŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /xɔŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /haŋ³¹/
Haikou (Hainanese) /haŋ³⁵/
/ho²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter haewngH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hong6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ɡ]ˁroŋ-s/
English lane, street

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4151
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡroːŋs/

Definitions edit

  1. alley; lane; tunnel

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
(extended)
Shinjitai
(extended)

巷󠄀
+&#xE0100;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
   
巷󠄂
+&#xE0102;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
Kyūjitai  
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. street, lane; crossroads, fork in the road
  2. town, neighborhood; public

Readings edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
ちまた
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ちまた
[noun] fork in the road
[noun] alley
[noun] (figuratively) the "town" (in metaphors for popularity, as in English talk of the town and Chinese 街談巷議街谈巷议)
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (hang))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Tày edit

Noun edit

(ảng)

  1. Nôm form of ảng (alley).

References edit

  • Lục Văn Pảo, Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003) Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày]‎[1] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: hạng, lộng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.