U+81EA, 自
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81EA

[U+81E9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81EB]
See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 132 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000)

  1. Kangxi radical #132, (self).

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡiːl
*ɦljids
*krids, *ɡrids
*ɡrids
*ɡrids
*qʰʷlɯːls, *ɡʷlɯːls

Originally a pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence an ideogram (指事) of “self”.

The original meaning of “nose” has been lost; compare (originally “acorn”, now “white”). The derivative refers to the original word.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sz̩⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sz̩⁴²/ ~己
/t͡sz̩²¹/ ~來水
Qingdao /t͡sz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sz̩³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sz̩¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sz̩¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sz̩²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰz̩²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
/sz̩⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
/t͡sz̩¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zz̩²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡si²²/
Nanning /t͡sz̩²²/
Hong Kong /t͡si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sɯ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³³/ ~己
/t͡si³⁵/ ~從

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ziH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ziH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzijH › ‹ dzijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.[b]i[t]-s/ /*s.[b]i[t]-s/
English self (adv.) to follow; from

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17879
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljids/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. self, oneself; one's own
    /   ―    ―  each minding his own business; each for himself
  2. certainly, of course
  3. personally
  4. since; from
      ―  zuǒ ér yòu  ―  from left to right

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. self, oneself

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: cha, Yale: ca)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tự, từ, tợ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.