See also: , , and
U+81EA, 自
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81EA

[U+81E9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81EB]
U+2F83, ⾃
KANGXI RADICAL SELF

[U+2F82]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F84]
U+3242, ㉂
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH SELF

[U+3241]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3243]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 132, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000, composition 丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #132, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Originally a pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence an ideogram (指事) of “self”.

The original meaning of “nose” has been replaced by .

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note: zí - used in some colloquial terms.
Note:
  • Sixian:
    • chhi/chhit/chhì/chhi̍t - only in 自家;
    • Meixian:
    • ci2 - only in 自家.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • cī - vernacular;
    • cu̿ - vernacular (used in 自己);
    • cù - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • cê - vernacular;
    • cê̤ṳ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • zr5 - vernacular;
    • zr4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sz̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡sz̩⁴²/ ~己
    /t͡sz̩²¹/ ~來水
    Qingdao /t͡sz̩⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sz̩³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡sz̩²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡sz̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡sz̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sz̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sz̩³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sz̩¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡sz̩²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sz̩⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡sz̩³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
    Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
    Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
    Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰz̩²²/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
    /sz̩⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
    /t͡sz̩¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡zz̩²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰï⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡si²²/
    Nanning /t͡sz̩²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡si²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛi²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sɯ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³³/ ~己
    /t͡si³⁵/ ~從

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (15)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter dzijH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ziɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ziH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zjɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ziH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ziH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ziH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zi6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzijH › ‹ dzijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.[b]i[t]-s/ /*s.[b]i[t]-s/
    English self (adv.) to follow; from

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17879
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦljids/

    Definitions edit

    1. self, oneself; one's own
        ―    ―  each minding his own business; each for himself
    2. certainly, of course
    3. personally
    4. since; from
        ―  zuǒ ér yòu  ―  from left to right
    5. (swimming) Short for 自由泳 (zìyóuyǒng, “freestyle”).
    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 2 edit

    Definitions edit

    1. Only used in 潮州音樂——自己顧自己潮州音乐——自己顾自己.

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. self, oneself

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 스스로 (seuseuro ja))

    1. Hanja form? of (self).

    Compounds edit

    Okinawan edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tự, từ, tợ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Zhuang edit

    Proper noun edit

    1. Sawndip form of sw