See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
自-bw.png
Stroke order
自-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
自-oracle.svg 自-bronze.svg 自-bigseal.svg 自-seal.svg

Originally Pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence Ideogram (指事) of “self”.

Original meaning of “nose” has been lost; compare (originally “acorn”, now “white”). The derivative refers to the original word.

Han characterEdit

(radical 132 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sz̩⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sz̩⁴²/ ~己
/t͡sz̩²¹/ ~来水
Qingdao /t͡sz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sz̩³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sz̩¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sz̩¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sz̩²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩¹³/
Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰz̩²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
/sz̩⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
/t͡sz̩¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zz̩²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡si²²/
Nanning /t͡sz̩²²/
Hong Kong /t͡si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sɯ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³³/ ~己
/t͡si³⁵/ ~从
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziɪH/ /d͡zʱiH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡zjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dzijH › /*s.[b]i[t]-s/ self (adv.)
‹ dzijH › /*s.[b]i[t]-s/ to follow; from

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17879 1 /*ɦljids/

NounEdit

  1. self, oneself; one's own
    /   ―    ―  each minding his own business; each for himself

AdverbEdit

  1. certainly, of course
  2. personally

PrepositionEdit

  1. since; from
      ―  zuǒ ér yòu  ―  from left to right

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. self, oneself

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: cha, Yale: ca)
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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tự, từ, tợ)

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