EnglishEdit

 ard (plough) on Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Norwegian ard (plough), from Old Norse arðr.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ard (plural ards)

  1. A simple plough consisting of a spike dragged through the soil. [20th c.]

Alternative formsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Common Turkic *ārt.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɑrd]
  • (file)

NounEdit

ard (definite accusative ardı, plural ardlar)

  1. back, rear
    Synonyms: arxa, dal
    Antonyms: qabaq, ön
  2. sequel, continuation; something which is continued
    Synonyms: davam, dal

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse arðr (plough, ard), from Proto-Germanic *arþrą, cognate with Swedish årder and Norwegian Bokmål ard (whence (English ard). The Germanic word is related to Latin arātrum (plough) and Ancient Greek ἄροτρον (árotron, plough).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ard c (singular definite arden, plural indefinite arder)

  1. (historical) plough, ard

InflectionEdit


IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ard (genitive singular masculine aird, genitive singular feminine airde, plural arda, comparative airde)

  1. high, tall
  2. loud
  3. ambitious

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • airde f (height; elevation; altitude; level; volume, pitch)
  • ard- (high; arch-, chief; excellent, noble; advanced)

NounEdit

ard m (genitive singular aird, nominative plural arda)

  1. height, hillock
  2. top, high part
  3. elevation (of land)
  4. head (of sand, clay)
  5. rise
  6. ascent

DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ard n-ard hard t-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰwós, from *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ø(r)d/

AdjectiveEdit

ard (plural ardey, comparative yrjey)

  1. high
  2. tall

NounEdit

ard m (genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. height, high place

NounEdit

ard m (genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. compass point
  2. pole

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Northern KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Persian آرد(ârd).

NounEdit

ard ?

  1. flour

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰwós, from *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ard

  1. high
InflectionEdit
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ard ard ard
Vocative aird*
ard**
Accusative ard aird
Genitive aird airde aird
Dative ard aird ard
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative aird arda
Vocative ardu
arda
Accusative ardu
arda
Genitive ard
Dative ardaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

NounEdit

ard n

  1. height
InflectionEdit
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ardN ardN ardL, arda
Vocative ardN ardN ardL, arda
Accusative ardN ardN ardL, arda
Genitive airdL ard ardN
Dative ardL ardaib ardaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: ard
  • Manx: ard
  • Scottish Gaelic: àrd

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ard unchanged n-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

VerbEdit

ard

  1. first-person singular present indicative of arde
  2. first-person singular present subjunctive of arde
  3. third-person plural present indicative of arde