EnglishEdit

 ard (plough) on Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

20th-century, borrowed from Norwegian ard (plough), itself inherited from Old Norse arðr, from Proto-Germanic *arþrą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂érh₃trom.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ard (plural ards)

  1. A simple plough consisting of a spike dragged through the soil.

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ard (genitive singular masculine aird, genitive singular feminine airde, plural arda, comparative airde)

  1. high, tall
  2. loud
  3. ambitious

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • airde f (height; elevation; altitude; level; volume, pitch)
  • ard- (high; arch-, chief; excellent, noble; advanced)

NounEdit

ard m (genitive singular aird, nominative plural arda)

  1. height, hillock
  2. top, high part
  3. elevation (of land)
  4. head (of sand, clay)
  5. rise
  6. ascent

DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ard n-ard hard t-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Persian آرد(ârd).

NounEdit

ard ?

  1. flour

ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish ard, from Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰwós, from *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ø(r)d/

AdjectiveEdit

ard (plural ardey, comparative yrjey)

  1. high
  2. tall

NounEdit

ard m (genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. height, high place

NounEdit

ard m (genitive singular ard, plural ardjyn)

  1. compass point
  2. pole

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *ardwos (compare Welsh ardd) from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erdʰwós, from *h₃erdʰ- (compare Latin arduus).

AdjectiveEdit

ard

  1. high
InflectionEdit
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ard ard ard
Vocative aird*
ard**
Accusative ard aird
Genitive aird airde aird
Dative ard aird ard
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative aird arda
Vocative ardu
arda
Accusative ardu
arda
Genitive ard
Dative ardaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

NounEdit

ard n or m

  1. height
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: ard
  • Manx: ard
  • Scottish Gaelic: àrd

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

ard f

  1. dog collar
InflectionEdit
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ardL airdL ardaH
Vocative ardL airdL ardaH
Accusative airdN airdL ardaH
Genitive airdeH ardL ardN
Dative airdL ardaib ardaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ard unchanged n-ard
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


RomanianEdit

VerbEdit

ard

  1. first-person singular present indicative of arde
  2. first-person singular present subjunctive of arde
  3. third-person plural present indicative of arde