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DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch bewegen. Equivalent to be- +‎ wegen.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bəˈʋeːɣə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːɣən

VerbEdit

bewegen

  1. (intransitive, sometimes reflexive) to move, to be in motion
    Mijn benen bewegen.
    My legs move.
    Slakken bewegen zich maar langzaam.
    Snails move rather slowly.
  2. (transitive) to move, to cause to be in motion
    Ik kan mijn benen niet bewegen.
    I can't move my legs.
  3. (transitive) to budge, to motivate, to spur, to induce
    Ik kan hem maar niet bewegen om boodschappen te doen.
    I just can't get him to go to the shops.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of bewegen (strong class 4, prefixed)
infinitive bewegen
past singular bewoog
past participle bewogen
infinitive bewegen
gerund bewegen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular beweeg bewoog
2nd person sing. (jij) beweegt bewoog
2nd person sing. (u) beweegt bewoog
2nd person sing. (gij) beweegt bewoogt
3rd person singular beweegt bewoog
plural bewegen bewogen
subjunctive sing.1 bewege bewoge
subjunctive plur.1 bewegen bewogen
imperative sing. beweeg
imperative plur.1 beweegt
participles bewegend bewogen
1) Archaic.

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old High German biwegan, from Proto-Germanic *weganą (to move)[1], which stems from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ-.

VerbEdit

bewegen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present bewegt, past tense bewog, past participle bewogen, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to persuade; to prompt (someone to do something); to make (someone do something); to induce; to get (someone to do something)
ConjugationEdit

In the sense “to persuade”, bewegen is a strong verb. In the sense “to move”, it is weak. (See below.)

Etymology 2Edit

Weakening of the strong verb bewegen. (See above.)

VerbEdit

bewegen (third-person singular simple present bewegt, past tense bewegte, past participle bewegt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive or reflexive) to move; to stir
ConjugationEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “bewegen”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN