Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: dziedat

Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Dziedāt
 
Dziedāt

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *geyd-, from Proto-Indo-European *gēy-, *goy-, *gī- (to sing, to call, to shout) with an extra -d. Originally, dziedāt was an iterative-intensive form of an earlier verb, either *dzīst (< *gī-d-ti; cf, Lithuanian pra-gýsti), or *dziet (< *gie- < *gēy-, from which also dziesma (song)). Cognates include Lithuanian giedóti (to sing), pragýsti (to begin to sing), gáida, gaidà (melody; singer), Proto-Slavic *gayati (Old East Slavic гаяти (gajati, to croak, to caw), Russian dialectal гаять (gájat’, to yawn; to speak, to shout, to make noise; to swear, to yell at someone; to drive animals by shouting)), Sanskrit गायति (gāyati), गाति (gā́jati, gā́ti, to sing), गीत (gī́ta, having sung), Tocharian A kāk (he called), Tocharian B kāka (he called).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

VerbEdit

dziedāt tr. or intr., 3rd conj. irregular, pres. dziedu, dziedi, dzied, past dziedāju

  1. to sing (to use one's voice to produce musical sounds)
    dziedāt klusā balsīto sing in a soft voice
    dziedāt divbalsīgito sing in two voices
    meitene labi dziedthe girl sings well
    mācīties dziedātto learn to sing
    dziedot dzimu, dziedot augu, dziedot mūžu nodzīvojusinging I am born, singing I grow, singing I live (my) life
  2. to sing (to reproduce a song with one's voice)
    dziedāt tautas dziesmasto sing folk songs
    protams, Šūberta dziesmas jādzied vienkārši; melodijai jāplūst dabīgiof course, one must sing Schubert's songs in a simple way; the melody must flow naturally
  3. to sing (to practice a vocal art; to participate in a singing group, to play a singing role in a musical performance)
    dziedāt operas teātrīto sing an opera in the theater
    dziedāt pašdarbības kolektīvāto sing in an amateur group
    dziedāt koncertā, korī, izrādēto sing in a concert, choir, show
    dziedāt titullomu operas izrādēto sing the title role in an opera performance
  4. (in 3rd person; of certain birds, insects) to sing (to produce sounds, often melodious sounds, typical of its species)
    gailis dziedthe rooster crows (lit. sings)
    viens putniņš zara galā dziedone little bird is singing at the end of a branch
    kur klusā naktī lakstīgalas dzied, tur klausīties man labprāt tīkas ietwhere in the silent night the nightingales sing, there I would love to go listen
    “circenis!” bērni sāka čukstēt: “circenis dzied!”“crickets!” the children began whispering: “the crickets are singing
  5. (in 3rd person; of musical instruments, or other sources of sound) to sing (to produce a musical, melodious sound)
    maigi dzied vijolethe violin sings softly
    vējš dzied skurstenīthe wind sings in the chimney
    žžž... žžž... šujmašīnas dzied savu darba dziesmužžž... žžž... the sewing machines are singing their work song
  6. (poetic) to sing (to write, to recite poetry)
    dzejnieks dzied par tām pašām vecām lietām: par dabu un mīlestībuthe poet sings about those same old things: nature and love

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dziedāt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7