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HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛsik]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: eszik

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Uralic *sewe- (to eat). Cognates include Mansi тэ̄ӈкве (tè̄ňkve), Finnish syödä and Estonian sööma.

VerbEdit

eszik

  1. (transitive) to eat
    Synonyms: eszeget, étkezik (literary), falatozik, fogyaszt, kajál (slang), táplálkozik
Usage notesEdit
See under Etymology 2.
ConjugationEdit
HyponymsEdit
TroponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

(Expressions):

Etymology 2Edit

From the esz- stem of eszik +‎ -ik (personal suffix).

VerbEdit

eszik

  1. third-person plural indicative present definite of eszik
Usage notesEdit

As shown by the two etymologies, eszik can be a third-person singular indefinite form (the base form of this verb) or a third-person plural definite form. In other words, it can mean ’he/she/it is eating something’ or ’they are eating that particular thing’. If the subject is not specified, the interpretation is decided by the definiteness of the object. Eszik egy almát has an indefinite object (cf. egy), so it must be the indefinite form of the singular (’he/she/it is eating an apple’), while eszik az almát has a definite object (cf. az), so it must be the definite form of the plural (’they are eating the apple’). If there is no article, only a noun, it is normally indefinite: Kenyeret eszik (’he/she/it is eating bread’). If it is a pronoun, its reference needs to be checked. In Mindent megeszik, minden is indefinite so it means ’he/she/it eats everything’, whereas in Mindet megeszik, mind is definite so it means ’they eat all (of it)’. In practice, however, the context leaves hardly any doubt about the number of the actual subject.