Latin edit

Etymology edit

From ex- (out of, from) +‎ cēdō (withdraw; yield).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

excēdō (present infinitive excēdere, perfect active excessī, supine excessum); third conjugation

  1. (intransitive) to go out, go forth or away; depart, retire, withdraw; disappear
  2. (intransitive) to overstep, overtop, overpass, rise above, go beyond; advance, proceed; transgress, digress
  3. (intransitive) to depart from life; decease, die
  4. (transitive, of a place) to depart from, leave
  5. (transitive, of a limit) to go beyond, surpass, exceed; tower above, overtop

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of excēdō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excēdō excēdis excēdit excēdimus excēditis excēdunt
imperfect excēdēbam excēdēbās excēdēbat excēdēbāmus excēdēbātis excēdēbant
future excēdam excēdēs excēdet excēdēmus excēdētis excēdent
perfect excessī excessistī excessit excessimus excessistis excessērunt,
pluperfect excesseram excesserās excesserat excesserāmus excesserātis excesserant
future perfect excesserō excesseris excesserit excesserimus excesseritis excesserint
sigmatic future1 excessō excessis excessit excessimus excessitis excessint
passive present excēdor excēderis,
excēditur excēdimur excēdiminī excēduntur
imperfect excēdēbar excēdēbāris,
excēdēbātur excēdēbāmur excēdēbāminī excēdēbantur
future excēdar excēdēris,
excēdētur excēdēmur excēdēminī excēdentur
perfect excessus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excessus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excessus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excēdam excēdās excēdat excēdāmus excēdātis excēdant
imperfect excēderem excēderēs excēderet excēderēmus excēderētis excēderent
perfect excesserim excesserīs excesserit excesserīmus excesserītis excesserint
pluperfect excessissem excessissēs excessisset excessissēmus excessissētis excessissent
sigmatic aorist1 excessim excessīs excessīt excessīmus excessītis excessint
passive present excēdar excēdāris,
excēdātur excēdāmur excēdāminī excēdantur
imperfect excēderer excēderēris,
excēderētur excēderēmur excēderēminī excēderentur
perfect excessus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excessus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excēde excēdite
future excēditō excēditō excēditōte excēduntō
passive present excēdere excēdiminī
future excēditor excēditor excēduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excēdere excessisse excessūrum esse excēdī excessum esse excessum īrī
participles excēdēns excessūrus excessus excēdendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
excēdendī excēdendō excēdendum excēdendō excessum excessū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to").

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: excedir
  • English: exceed
  • French: excéder
  • Galician: exceder
  • Italian: eccedere
  • Portuguese: exceder
  • Spanish: exceder

References edit

  • excedo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • excedo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • excedo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to evacuate territory: (ex) finibus excedere
    • to leave a place: egredi loco; excedere ex loco
    • to leave one's boyhood behind one, become a man: ex pueris excedere
    • to be more than ten years old, to have entered on one's eleventh year: decimum annum excessisse, egressum esse
    • to depart this life: (ex) vita excedere, ex vita abire
    • to abandon one's position: loco excedere

Portuguese edit

Verb edit


  1. first-person singular present indicative of exceder

Spanish edit

Verb edit


  1. first-person singular present indicative of exceder