Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɣiː.rə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: gie‧ren
  • Rhymes: -irən

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch ghieren. Cognate with Middle Low German gīren, whence German gieren. Ultimately onomatopoeic.

Verb edit

gieren

  1. (intransitive) To screech, to shriek
  2. (intransitive) To roar with laughter, to laugh loudly.
Conjugation edit
Conjugation of gieren (weak)
infinitive gieren
past singular gierde
past participle gegierd
infinitive gieren
gerund gieren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular gier gierde
2nd person sing. (jij) giert gierde
2nd person sing. (u) giert gierde
2nd person sing. (gij) giert gierde
3rd person singular giert gierde
plural gieren gierden
subjunctive sing.1 giere gierde
subjunctive plur.1 gieren gierden
imperative sing. gier
imperative plur.1 giert
participles gierend gegierd
1) Archaic.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From gier (liquid manure) +‎ -en.

Verb edit

gieren

  1. (agriculture, intransitive) to fertilise land with slurry, to spread liquid manure
Conjugation edit
Conjugation of gieren (weak)
infinitive gieren
past singular gierde
past participle gegierd
infinitive gieren
gerund gieren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular gier gierde
2nd person sing. (jij) giert gierde
2nd person sing. (u) giert gierde
2nd person sing. (gij) giert gierde
3rd person singular giert gierde
plural gieren gierden
subjunctive sing.1 giere gierde
subjunctive plur.1 gieren gierden
imperative sing. gier
imperative plur.1 giert
participles gierend gegierd
1) Archaic.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Of unclear origin. Possibly extended from Etymology 1 above meaning "to screech" as in "make a loud noise."

Verb edit

gieren

  1. (nautical) to yaw
Conjugation edit
Conjugation of gieren (weak)
infinitive gieren
past singular gierde
past participle gegierd
infinitive gieren
gerund gieren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular gier gierde
2nd person sing. (jij) giert gierde
2nd person sing. (u) giert gierde
2nd person sing. (gij) giert gierde
3rd person singular giert gierde
plural gieren gierden
subjunctive sing.1 giere gierde
subjunctive plur.1 gieren gierden
imperative sing. gier
imperative plur.1 giert
participles gierend gegierd
1) Archaic.
See also edit

Etymology 4 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

gieren

  1. plural of gier

Anagrams edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡiːrən/, [ˈɡiːʁən], [ˈɡiː.ɐn]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: gie‧ren

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle High German or Middle Low German gīren (to open one’s jaws, gape, scream), from Proto-Germanic *gīran- and ultimately imitative.

Cognate with Dutch gieren (to scream). Related also with German Geier (vulture) and gähnen, English yawn. In standard German, the word has always been associated with unrelated Gier (greed, lust) and is typically regarded a derivative thereof. Also compare English jeer, which could be a borrowing.

Verb edit

gieren (weak, third-person singular present giert, past tense gierte, past participle gegiert, auxiliary haben)

  1. to desire greedily, to lust for [+ nach (object)]
  2. (possibly dated) to open one’s jaws so as to snap
Conjugation edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Dutch gieren, which is possibly the same word as that mentioned under etymology 1, with a semantic development “to scream, squeak” → “to make a repeated squeaking movement”. Alternatively from Dutch geren, also gieren (to be askew), from geer (asymmetric piece of land).

Verb edit

gieren (weak, third-person singular present giert, past tense gierte, past participle gegiert, auxiliary haben)

  1. (nautical, aviation) to yaw
Conjugation edit

Further reading edit

  • gieren” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • gieren” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • gieren” in Duden online