Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. (intransitive) to bend, curve (especially due to some external force)
  2. (intransitive) to tend, incline (to some option, -ra/-re)
  3. (intransitive) to approach, turn (to another state or phase, -ra/-re)

Usage notes edit

This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All (intransitive) suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik). However, the meaning of these pairs is usually distinct, sometimes unrelated. Examples include (fel)áldoz(le)áldozik, bánbánik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik, érérik, esz (rare)eszik, hajolhajlik, (felül)múl(el)múlik, (hozzá)nyúlnyúlik, (el)vesz(el)veszik~(el)vész, and törtörik (along with their verbal prefixes), hallhallik (archaic), érezérzik (archaic), sometimes with some difference: (el)hibázhibádzik, (le)torkoltorkollik. Therefore one may well need to check the context and the arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.

Conjugation edit

Its subjunctive forms are uncommon (especially in the first and second persons), therefore if these forms do occur, they usually derive from the related verb hajol instead (where their conjugations overlap).

or less commonly

Derived terms edit

(With verbal prefixes):

Further reading edit

  • hajlik in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN