English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin initiātus, perfect passive participle of initiō (begin, originate), from initium (a beginning), from ineō (go in, enter upon, begin), from in + (go).

Pronunciation edit

  • (verb) IPA(key): /ɪˈnɪʃ.i.eɪt/, /ɪˈnɪʃ.ɪ.eɪt/
    • (file)
  • (noun, adjective) IPA(key): /ɪˈnɪʃ.i.ət/, /ɪˈnɪʃ.ɪ.ət/
    • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ini‧ti‧ate

Noun edit

initiate (plural initiates)

  1. A new member of an organization.
  2. One who has been through a ceremony of initiation.
  3. One who is oriented in and familiar with a topic or subject; especially, one who is an expert in it.
    Antonym: noninitiate
    Coordinate terms: expert, nonexpert, layperson, amateur, dilettante, journeyman, master

Translations edit

Verb edit

initiate (third-person singular simple present initiates, present participle initiating, simple past and past participle initiated)

  1. (transitive) To begin; to start.
  2. (transitive) To instruct in the rudiments or principles; to introduce.
    • 1653, Henry More, An Antidote against Atheisme, or An Appeal to the Natural Faculties of the Minde of Man, whether There Be Not a God, London: [] Roger Daniel, [], →OCLC:
      Divine Providence would only initiate and enter mankind into the useful knowledge of her, leaving the rest to employ our industry.
    • 1693, [John Locke], “§94”, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: [] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, [], →OCLC:
      to initiate his pupil in any part of learning
  3. (transitive) To confer membership on; especially, to admit to a secret order with mysterious rites or ceremonies.
  4. (intransitive) To do the first act; to perform the first rite; to take the initiative.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also edit

  • resume (to begin where one left off)

Adjective edit

initiate (comparative more initiate, superlative most initiate)

  1. (obsolete) Unpractised; untried; new.
  2. (obsolete) Begun; commenced; introduced to, or instructed in, the rudiments; newly admitted.

Further reading edit

Latin edit

Participle edit

initiāte

  1. vocative masculine singular of initiātus