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DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch beginnen, from Old Dutch biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bəˈɣɪnə(n)/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

beginnen

  1. (ergative) to begin

InflectionEdit

Inflection of beginnen (strong class 3, prefixed)
infinitive beginnen
past singular begon
past participle begonnen
infinitive beginnen
gerund beginnen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular begin begon
2nd person sing. (jij) begint begon
2nd person sing. (u) begint begon
2nd person sing. (gij) begint begont
3rd person singular begint begon
plural beginnen begonnen
subjunctive sing.1 beginne begonne
subjunctive plur.1 beginnen begonnen
imperative sing. begin
imperative plur.1 begint
participles beginnend begonnen
1) Archaic.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German beginnen, from Old High German biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną. Cognate with Low German beginnen, Dutch beginnen, West Frisian begjinne, and English begin.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bəˈɡɪnən/, [bəˈɡɪnən], [bəˈɡɪnn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)

VerbEdit

beginnen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present beginnt, past tense begann, past participle begonnen, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to begin; to commence; to be started
    Der Vortrag hat begonnen. — “The lecture has begun.”
  2. (chiefly literary, transitive or with mit) to start something; to begin something
    Er hat den Vortrag begonnen. — “He has started the lecture.”
    Er hat mit dem Vortrag begonnen. — “He has started the lecture.”

Usage notesEdit

  • Beginnen is relatively rare in colloquial German and is most often replaced with anfangen. This is particularly true of the sense “to start something”.
  • In literary German, beginnen is often preferred to anfangen, though both are perfectly acceptable.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną.

VerbEdit

beginnen

  1. to begin, to start
  2. to arise, to originate

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • beghinnen (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • beginnen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną. Cognate with English begin and Dutch beginnen.

VerbEdit

beginnen

  1. to begin

ConjugationEdit


DescendantsEdit