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ChineseEdit

to know; to be aware sex; nature; suffix corresponding to ‑ness or ‑ity
simp. and trad.
(知性)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (9) (16)
Final () (11) (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈiᴇ/ /siᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɛ/ /siɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶjɛ/ /siæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiə̆/ /siajŋH/
Li
Rong
/ȶie/ /siɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/ȶǐe/ /sĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶie̯/ /si̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zh- xìng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī xìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ trje › ‹ sjengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tre/ /*seŋ-s/
English know nature

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11495 11358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'e/ /*sleŋs/
Notes

AdjectiveEdit

知性

  1. knowledgeful
  2. (usually of a woman) intelligent and thoughtful; astute and knowledgeable

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

知性

  1. to understand one's inherent nature

NounEdit

知性

  1. wisdom
    知性動作 [MSC, trad.]
    知性动作 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 漢·班固《游居賦》
    Měi Zhōu Wǔ zhī zhīxìng, móu rén shén yǐ dòngzuò. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. Verstand

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (知性):
  • Japanese: 知性 (ちせい) (chisei)
  • Korean: 지성 (知性, jiseong)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 知性 (MC ʈiᴇ siᴇŋH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

知性 (hiragana ちせい, rōmaji chisei)

  1. intellect, intelligence, smarts
    あの () () (せい)があるよね。
    Ano ko wa chisei ga aru yo ne.
    That kid's got smarts. / That kid is intelligent.
  2. mind, logical thinking, as opposed to the emotions
    この二人 (ふたり) () (せい) (かん) (じょう) (りょう) (ほう) ()かち ()います。
    Kono futari wa chisei to kanjō ryōhō de wakachiaimasu.
    These two understand each other, both mind and heart.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN