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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French jovial, from Italian gioviale, from Latin ioviālis, from Iovis (Jove), i.e. Jupiter, the planet which was thought by astrologers to bring jollity.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdʒəʊ.vɪ.əl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈdʒoʊ.vɪ.əl/
  • (file)
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

jovial (comparative more jovial, superlative most jovial)

  1. (obsolete) Pertaining to Jove or Zeus; Jovian.
  2. (obsolete) Pertaining to the planet Jupiter; Jovian.
  3. (astrology, obsolete) Under the influence of the planet Jupiter (considered a source of happiness).
  4. Merry; cheerful and good-humored.
    Antonym: saturnine
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 16, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “[…] She takes the whole thing with desperate seriousness. But the others are all easy and jovial—thinking about the good fare that is soon to be eaten, about the hired fly, about anything.”

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Italian gioviale, from Latin ioviālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

jovial (feminine singular joviale, masculine plural joviaux, feminine plural joviales)

  1. jovial, jolly

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French jovial, from Italian gioviale, from Latin ioviālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

jovial

  1. jovial

Further readingEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German jovial, from Latin jovialis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ju.vi.aːl/, [jʊ.ʋɪ.ˈaːl]

AdjectiveEdit

jovial (neuter singular jovialt, definite singular and plural joviale)

  1. jovial

ReferencesEdit

“jovial” in The Bokmål Dictionary.


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German jovial, from Latin jovialis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ju.vi.aːl/, [jʊ.ʋɪ.ˈaːl]

AdjectiveEdit

jovial (neuter singular jovialt, definite singular and plural joviale)

  1. jovial

ReferencesEdit

“jovial” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin ioviālis.

AdjectiveEdit

jovial m, f (plural joviais, comparable)

  1. jovial; merry, cheerful

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ioviālis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /xoˈbjal/, [xoˈβjal]

AdjectiveEdit

jovial (plural joviales)

  1. Jovian
  2. cheerful, jovial

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit