See also: miec and mieç

Old PolishEdit


Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jьměti.


mieć impf

  1. to have, to be in possession of
  2. to have, to hold (to contain in one's hands)
  3. to have (to host someone or be hosted)
  4. (in collocation with some nouns) to do
  5. to consider someone as something
  6. to be supposed to, to have to
  7. (with the passive participle) to have (e.g. to have something (that is) cooked)
  8. (reflexive) to behave
  9. (reflexive) to fare (to be in any state, or pass through any experience, good or bad)


This verb needs an inflection-table template.


  • Polish: mieć




Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Old Polish mieć, from Proto-Slavic *jьměti.


mieć impf (frequentative miewać)

  1. (transitive) to have
    Mam kota.I have a cat.
    Mam daleko do szkoły.It's a long way to school for me. (literally, “I have a long way to school.”)
  2. (intransitive) to be (for an age)
    Mam 22 lata.I am 22 [years old]. (literally I have 22 years.)
  3. (transitive) Used as a semantically weak verb with some nouns.
  4. (transitive, colloquial) to have, to have sex with
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:uprawiać seks
  5. (transitive) to consider someone as something [+ za (accusative)]
  6. (with the passive participle) to have (e.g. to have something (that is) cooked)
    Mam cały wieczór zaplanowany.I have the whole evening planned.
  7. (transitive, formal, in the past) Creates a future in the past; would, was going to
  8. (auxiliary, intransitive) to be supposed to must, to have to, to need to
    Mamy iść na zakupy.We're supposed to to go shopping.
  9. (intransitive) to feel something
  10. (reflexive) to fare (to be in any state, or pass through any experience, good or bad)
  11. (reflexive) to consider oneself
    Masz się za lepszego?You think you're better than me?
  12. (reflexive, obsolete) to head somewhere [+ ku (dative)] or [+ w (accusative)]
  13. (reflexive, Middle Polish) to behave
    Synonym: zachowywać się
    Synonym: działać
  14. (reflexive) to appear, to bode
  15. (reflexive) to be in relation to something [+ do (genitive) = to what]
  16. (reflexive, Middle Polish) to address, to turn towards
  17. (reflexive, Middle Polish) to function
  18. (reflexive, Middle Polish) to be had
  19. (intransitive, impersonal, strictly in the negative) to be gone, to not be present, there is no
    Antonym: być
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. second-person singular imperative of mieść


According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), mieć is one of the top 10,355 most used words in Polish, appearing 341 times in scientific texts, 207 times in news, 393 times in essays, 547 times in fiction, and 1103 times in plays, totaling 2591 times, making it the 17th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]


  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “mieć”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 243

Further readingEdit