Cahuilla edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. I. First person singular pronoun added to a verb to show its subject.
  2. My. First person singular possessive pronoun added to a noun to show its possessor.

Chuukese edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. to look

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. used to negate verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Akin to un-, non-, im-, ir-
    Mám hlad. (“I am hungry.”) → Nemám hlad. (“I am not hungry.”)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • ne- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. non- (Used to negate some words.)

Usage notes edit

  • ne- as an affix is less common than mal-, and is sometimes synonymous with it, but it can be used to signify the negative or absence of the root when this is different from its opposite, or when the root does not have a meaningful opposite. For example, neamiko (non-friend) suggests a stranger or acquaintance, as opposed to malamiko (enemy). For another example, nevidebla (invisible) is more idiomatic than *malvidebla because the latter would suggest something that one can "unsee" (kiun oni povas *malvidi), rather than something that cannot be seen (kiu ne estas videbla).

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Prefix form of ne.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. Used to negate verbs, adjectives, and adverbs; non-, un-, in-, im-, ir-.

Derived terms edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Latin ne (not) in compositions.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. absolutely negates the principal meaning
    ne- (not) + sciō (I know)nesciō (I don't know)

Quotations edit

"Nōmen nesciō" (N.N.) – I don't know the name, John Doe

Derived terms edit

Latvian edit

Etymology edit

From the same stem as the general negative particle (no).

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. Used on all verb forms to form the negative version of that form (runāju (I speak), nerunāju (I don't speak)), as well as on nouns and adjectives to indicate negation (like Latin in-, im-; English un-; or Russian не- (ne-)).

Derived terms edit

Lithuanian edit

Etymology edit

From the same stem as the general negative particle ne (no).

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. Used on all verb forms to form the negative version of that form, as well as on nouns, adjectives and adverbs to indicate negation.
    ne- + tvarkà 'order' → netvarkà 'disorder, mess'
    ne- + ramùs 'calm' → neramùs 'restless, uneasy'
    ne- + geraĩ 'well' → negeraĩ 'badly'
    ne- + norė́ti 'want' → nenorė́ti 'not want'

Derived terms edit

Northern Kurdish edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. forms the negative subjunctive mood of verbs.

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *ne (not), from Proto-Indo-European *ne (no, not). Akin to Old English ne (not).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. not
    neomam not
    næswas not
    nǣronwere not
    nicnot me
    nǣniġno one, none, not any, no (adj.)
    neallesnot at all, by no means
    nefneunless, except, not even
    nabbanto not have
    nāganto not owe, not own
    nǣfrenever
    nyllanto not want, refuse
    ne- + ‎witan (to know) → ‎nytan (to not know)
    ne- + ‎wāt (I know) → ‎nāt (I do not know)
    ne- + ‎witen (known) → ‎nyten (ignorant)

Usage notes edit

  • Often syncopated to n-.

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin ne- and borrowed from Old Church Slavonic не- (ne-).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ne-

  1. un-; de- (attached to past participles, gerundives and some adjectives to negate them)
    ne- + ‎cunoscut (known) → ‎necunoscut (unknown)
    ne- + ‎înțeles (understood) → ‎neînțeles (misunderstood)
    ne- + ‎prietenos (friendly) → ‎neprietenos (unfriendly)
    ne- + ‎folosind → ‎nefolosind (not using, without using)

Derived terms edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Prefix edit

ne- (Cyrillic spelling не-)

  1. Prefix prepended to adjectives to create an adjective denoting a negative meaning (ne (not)). Akin to un-, non-, im-, ir-.

Derived terms edit