See also: Crash


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  • IPA(key): /kɹæʃ/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English crasshen, crasschen, craschen (to break into pieces), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from a variant of earlier *crasken, from crasen (to break) +‎ -k (formative suffix); or from earlier *craskien, *craksien, a variant of craken (to crack, break open) (for form development compare break, brask, brash).


crash (plural crashes)

  1. A sudden, intense, loud sound, as made for example by cymbals.
    The piece ended in a crescendo, building up to a crash of cymbals.
    After the lightning came the crash of thunder.
  2. An automobile, airplane, or other vehicle accident.
    She broke two bones in her body in a car crash.
    Nobody survived the plane crash
  3. (computing) A malfunction of computer software or hardware which causes it to shut down or become partially or totally inoperable.
    Synonym: abend
    My computer had a crash so I had to reboot it.
  4. (finance) A sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures).
    the stock market crash
  5. (informal) A comedown from a drug.
  6. (collective) A group of rhinoceroses.
    • p. 1991, Patrick F. McManus, “Nincompoopery and Other Group Terms”, in The Grasshopper Trap, Henry Holt and Company, →ISBN, page 103
      One of my favorites among the terms of groups of creatures is a crash of rhinoceros. I can imagine an African guide saying to his client, “Shoot, dammit, shoot! Here comes the whole bloody crash of rhinoceros!”
      [] Personally, I think I’d just as soon come across a crash of rhinoceros as a knot of toad.
    • 1998, E. Melanie Watt, Black Rhinos, page 19
      The largest group of black rhinos reported was made up of 13 individuals. A group of rhinos is called a crash.
    • 1999, Edward Osborne Wilson, The Diversity of Life, page 126
      Out in the water a crash of rhinoceros-like animals browse belly deep through a bed of aquatic plants.
    • 2003, Claude Herve-Bazin, Judith Farr Kenya and Tanzania, page 23
      The crash of rhinoceros at Tsavo now numbers almost 200.
Derived termsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


crash (not comparable)

  1. Quick, fast, intensive, impromptu.
    crash course
    crash diet


crash (third-person singular simple present crashes, present participle crashing, simple past and past participle crashed)

  1. (transitive) To collide with something destructively, fall or come down violently.
  2. (transitive) To severely damage or destroy something by causing it to collide with something else.
    I'm sorry for crashing the bike into a wall. I'll pay for repairs.
  3. (transitive, slang) (via gatecrash) To attend a social event without invitation, usually with unfavorable intentions.
    We weren't invited to the party so we decided to crash it.
  4. (transitive, management) To accelerate a project or a task or its schedule by devoting more resources to it.
    • 2008, Rick A. Morris; Brette McWhorter Sember, Project management that works, page 109:
      Using the project plan, the team started to work out different scenarios to crash the schedule and bring the date to the regulatory deadline.
  5. (intransitive, slang) To make or experience informal temporary living arrangements, especially overnight.
    Hey dude, can I crash at your pad?
  6. (slang) To give, as a favor.
    • 2005, Charlie Williams, Fags and Lager, page 29:
      'I been pissin' blood,' he said, grinning. Then frowning. 'Crash us a tenner, eh?'
    • 2014, David Mitchell, The Bone Clocks, →ISBN, page 99:
      Crash us a cancer stick, Fitz: I could bloody murder a fag, as I delight in telling Americans
    • 2015, Lucy Diamond, Summer at Shell Cottage, →ISBN:
      'I'll show you what needs doing. But first..." She hesitated. 'I don't suppose you could crash me a ciggy, while you're here, could you?'
  7. (slang) To lie down for a long rest, sleep or nap, as from tiredness or exhaustion.
  8. (computing, hardware, software, intransitive) To terminate extraordinarily.
    If the system crashes again, we'll have it fixed in the computer shop.
  9. (computing, hardware, software, transitive) To cause to terminate extraordinarily.
    Double-clicking this icon crashes the desktop.
  10. (intransitive) To experience a period of depression and/or lethargy after a period of euphoria, as after the euphoric effect of a psychotropic drug has dissipated.
  11. (transitive) To hit or strike with force
    • 2016 June 11, Phil McNulty, “England 1-1 Russia”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Roy Hodgson's side were dominant and fully merited the lead given to them when Eric Dier crashed a 20-yard free-kick high past keeper Igor Akinfeev with 17 minutes left.
  12. (medicine, of a patient's condition) To take a sudden and severe turn for the worse; to rapidly deteriorate.
  13. To make a sudden loud noise.
    Thunder crashed directly overhead.

Etymology 2Edit

Of uncertain origin; perhaps compare Russian крашени́на (krašenína, coarse linen).


crash (uncountable)

  1. (fibre) A type of rough linen.
    • 1899, Kate Chopin, The Awakening:
      Unlocking the door of her bath-room she went inside, and soon emerged, bringing a rug, which she spread upon the floor of the gallery, and two huge hair pillows covered with crash, which she placed against the front of the building.




Borrowed from English crash.



crash m (plural crashes, diminutive crashje n)

  1. crash, collision
  2. economic crash, especially in relation to stock exchanges
  3. computer crash



  1. first-person singular present indicative of crashen
  2. imperative of crashen



From English crash



crash m (plural crashs)

  1. (of an aircraft) crash landing
  2. (economics) crash
  3. (computing) crash

Derived termsEdit



crash m (plural crashes)

  1. (economics) crash
  2. (computing) crash