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See also: Boom and Bööm

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Onomatopoeic, perhaps borrowed; compare German bummen, Dutch bommen (to hum, buzz).

VerbEdit

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To make a loud, resonant sound.
    Thunder boomed in the distance and lightning flashes lit up the horizon.
    The cannon boomed, recoiled, and spewed a heavy smoke cloud.
    Beneath the cliff, the sea was booming on the rocks.
    I can hear the organ slowly booming from the chapel.
    • 1902, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Hound of the Baskervilles
      Did you ever hear a bittern booming?
  2. (transitive, figuratively, of speech) To exclaim with force, to shout, to thunder.
    • 1960, P[elham] G[renville] Wodehouse, “I and XVII”, in Jeeves in the Offing, London: Herbert Jenkins, OCLC 1227855:
      I was about to reach for the marmalade, when I heard the telephone tootling out in the hall and rose to attend to it. “Bertram Wooster's residence,” I said, having connected with the instrument. “Wooster in person at this end. Oh hullo,” I added, for the voice that boomed over the wire was that of Mrs Thomas Portarlington Travers of Brinkley Court, Market Snodsbury, near Droitwich – or, putting it another way, my good and deserving Aunt Dahlia.
      [...]
      “I'd give a tenner to have Aubrey Upjohn here at this moment.” “You can get him for nothing. He's in Uncle Tom's study.” Her face lit up. “He is?” [Aunt Dahlia] threw her head back and inflated the lungs. “UPJOHN!” she boomed, rather like someone calling the cattle home across the sands of Dee, and I issued a kindly word of warning. “Watch that blood pressure, old ancestor.”
  3. (transitive) To make something boom.
    Men in grey robes slowly booming the drums of death.
  4. (slang, US, obsolete) To publicly praise.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Problem of Thor Bridge
      If you pull this off every paper in England and America will be booming you.
  5. To rush with violence and noise, as a ship under a press of sail, before a free wind.
    • Totten
      She comes booming down before it.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

boom (plural booms)

  1. A low-pitched, resonant sound, such as of an explosion.
    The boom of the surf.
  2. One of the calls of certain monkeys or birds.
    • 1990, Mark A. Berkley, William C. Stebbins, Comparative Perception
      Interestingly, the blue monkey's boom and pyow calls are both long-distance signals (Brown, 1989), yet the two calls differ in respect to their susceptibility to habitat-induced degradation.
TranslationsEdit

InterjectionEdit

boom

  1. used to suggest the sound of an explosion.
  2. used to suggest something happening suddenly and unexpectedly.
    • 1993, Vibe (volume 1, number 2)
      So we went around the corner, looked in the garbage, and, boom, there's about 16 of the tapes he didn't like!
    • 2013, Peter Westoby, ‎Gerard Dowling, Theory and Practice of Dialogical Community Development
      Hostile race relations and chronic unemployment are ignored in the suburbs of Paris, London and Sydney, and boom! there are riots.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Dutch boom (tree; pole). Cognate with English beam.

NounEdit

boom (plural booms)

  1. (nautical) A spar extending the foot of a sail; a spar rigged outboard from a ship's side to which boats are secured in harbour.
  2. A movable pole used to support a microphone or camera.
  3. A horizontal member of a crane or derrick, used for lifting.
  4. (electronics) The longest element of a Yagi antenna, on which the other, smaller ones are transversally mounted.
  5. A floating barrier used to obstruct navigation, for military or other purposes; or used for the containment of an oil spill.
  6. A wishbone-shaped piece of windsurfing equipment.
  7. The section of the arm on a backhoe closest to the tractor.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To extend, or push, with a boom or pole.
    to boom out a sail; to boom off a boat

Etymology 3Edit

Perhaps a figurative development of Etymology 1, above.

NounEdit

boom (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) A period of prosperity, growth, progress, or high market activity.
AntonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. (intransitive) To flourish, grow, or progress.
    The population boomed in recent years.
    Business was booming.
  2. (transitive, dated) To cause to advance rapidly in price.
    to boom railroad or mining shares
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch boom, from Old Dutch bōm, boum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

boom (plural bome, diminutive boompie)

  1. tree

DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch bôom, from Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

boom m (plural bomen, diminutive boompje n)

  1. tree
  2. any solid, pole-shaped, usually wooden object
    1. beam
    2. mast
      Synonym: mast
    3. boom
      Synonym: giek
Derived termsEdit

Trees:

Solid pole-shaped object:

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English boom.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

boom m (plural booms, diminutive boompje n)

  1. boom, as in a market explosion

ReferencesEdit

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English boom.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

boom m (plural booms)

  1. boom (dramatically fast increase)

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English boom, from Dutch boom - see above.

NounEdit

boom m (invariable)

  1. A boom (sound)
  2. A boom, rapid expansion
  3. A boom (crane)

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

NounEdit

bôom m

  1. tree
  2. beam, pole
  3. boom barrier

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • boom”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • boom (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English boom.

NounEdit

boom m (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) boom (period of prosperity)

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English boom.

NounEdit

boom m (plural booms)

  1. boom (period of prosperity or high market activity)

See alsoEdit