See also: plumé and plūme

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Late Middle English, via Old French plume from Latin pluma (down, feather).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

plume (plural plumes)

 
A soldier wearing a helmet with a plume. [3]
  1. A feather of a bird, especially a large or showy one.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
      wings [] of many a coloured plume
    • 1764, Horace Walpole, The Castle of Otranto, I:
      The first thing that struck Manfred's eyes was a group of his servants endeavouring to raise something that appeared to him a mountain of sable plumes.
  2. The furry tail of certain dog breeds (e.g. Samoyed, Malteagle) that stands erect or curls over their backs.
  3. A cluster of feathers worn as an ornament, especially on a helmet.
  4. A token of honour or prowess; that on which one prides oneself; a prize or reward.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
      ambitious to win from me some plume
  5. An area over which (or a space into which) a dispersed substance has spread or fanned out; a cloud.
    The pollutant creates a contaminant plume within an aquifer.
    After the explosion, a plume of smoke could be seen in the sky for miles around.
  6. An upward spray of water or mist.
  7. (geology) An upwelling of molten material from the Earth's mantle.
  8. (astronomy) An arc of glowing material erupting from the surface of a star.
  9. A large and flexible panicle of inflorescence resembling a feather, such as is seen in certain large ornamental grasses.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

plume (third-person singular simple present plumes, present participle pluming, simple past and past participle plumed)

  1. (transitive) To preen and arrange the feathers of.
    • (Can we date this quote by Washington Irving and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      pluming her wings among the breezy bowers
  2. (transitive) To congratulate (oneself) proudly.
    He plumes himself on his skill.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of South to this entry?)
  3. To strip of feathers; to pluck; to strip; to pillage; also, to peel.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  4. To adorn with feathers or plumes.
  5. To form a plume.
    Smoke plumed from his pipe then slowly settled towards the floor.
  6. To write; to pen.

TranslationsEdit


FrenchEdit

 
plume (1)
 
plumes (3)

EtymologyEdit

From Old French plume, from Latin plūma.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

plume f (plural plumes)

  1. feather
  2. quill
  3. nib, the writing end of a fountain pen or a dip pen
  4. (dated) writer, penman

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: plume
  • Rade: plim

VerbEdit

plume

  1. inflection of plumer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. second-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin plūma.

NounEdit

plume f (plural plumis)

  1. plume, feather
    Synonym: pene

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *plūmā, from Latin prūnum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

plūme f

  1. plum

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin plūma.

NounEdit

plume f (oblique plural plumes, nominative singular plume, nominative plural plumes)

  1. feather; plume

DescendantsEdit