Oracle bone script: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): phonetic 來 (OC *m·rɯːɡ, “fruit”) + semantic 子. The phonetic part 來 became gradually corrupted to yield 木 (“tree”).
Shuowen erroneously remarks that this is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic 木 (“tree”) + phonetic 子 (OC *ʔslɯʔ).
- plum (tree and fruit)
- (astronomy) Zeta Virginis
- † Alternative form of 理 (lǐ, “judge; justice”).
- A surname, listed fourth in the Baijiaxing
In mainland China and among its expatriates, this surname is generally romanized as "Li" in accordance with the Hanyu Pinyin system. Although an identical transliteration is used in Wade-Giles, similarity to the English surname has made the romanization "Lee" more common in Hong Kong and Taiwan. A notable example of this is Bruce Lee.
- → English: Li, Lee
- → Tagalog: Sy (via Hokkien)
李 (lí, lý)
- A Vietnamese family name.
- An unisex given name.