เจ้า

IsanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨoX, “master; owner”). Cognate with Thai เจ้า (jâao), Lao ເຈົ້າ (chao), ᦈᧁᧉ (ṫsaw2), Tai Dam ꪹꪊ꫁ꪱ, Shan ၸဝ်ႈ (tsāo), Ahom 𑜋𑜈𑜫 (chaw) or 𑜋𑜨𑜧 (chow).

PronounEdit

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. you

See alsoEdit

Isan personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Formal ข้าน้อย (kàa-nɔ̂ɔi) ท่าน (tāan) เพิ่น (pə̄n) หมู่ข้าน้อย (mūu kàa-nɔ̂ɔi) หมู่ท่าน (mūu tāan) ขะเจ้า (ka-jâo)
Common ข้อย (kɔ̀ɔi) เจ้า (jâo) เขา (kǎo)
ลาว (láao)
เฮา (háo)
หมู่เฮา (mūu háo)
หมู่เจ้า (mūu jâo) หมู่เขา (mūu kǎo)
หมู่ลาว (mūu láao)
Vulgar กู (guu) มึง (mʉ́ng) มัน (mán) N/A

NounEdit

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. owner, master, boss

Northern ThaiEdit

AdverbEdit

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. used by females to express affirmation, assent, agreement, acceptance, or acknowledgement.

PronounEdit

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. a first person pronoun, employed by females.

ParticleEdit

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. a particle used at the end of a sentence, employed by females.

ThaiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨoX, “master; owner”). Cognate with Lao ເຈົ້າ (chao); ᦈᧁᧉ (ṫsaw2); Tai Dam ꪹꪊ꫁ꪱ; Shan ၸဝ်ႈ (tsāo); Ahom 𑜋𑜈𑜫 (chaw), 𑜋𑜨𑜧 (chow). Compare Old Khmer cau, cauva, co, cova, cco, ccova, ccau, (chief; head); Modern Khmer ចៅ (caw, boss, chief, head; king; etc).

Alternative formsEdit

Alternative forms

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicเจ้า
e t͡ɕ ˆ ā
Phonemic
จ้าว
t͡ɕ ˆ ā w
RomanizationPaiboonjâao
Royal Institutechao
(standard) IPA(key)/t͡ɕaːw˥˩/(R)

NounEdit

เจ้า (jâao)

  1. god; deity.
  2. (colloquial) guardian spirit; tutelary deity.
  3. priest.
  4. chief; lord; master.
  5. monarch.
  6. royal person; member of royalty.
  7. (colloquial) person of royal descent.
  8. an honorific for the aforementioned persons, added before or after their names or titles.
  9. (historical) a royal title given to princes and princesses of Lan Na.
  10. (colloquial) a royal title given to princes and princesses holding the rank of หม่อมเจ้า (mɔ̀m-jâao).
  11. owner; possessor.
  12. seller; vendor; merchant.
  13. expert; specialist.
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms

ClassifierEdit

เจ้า (jâao)

  1. (informal) Classifier for service providers and service receivers.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicเจ้า
e t͡ɕ ˆ ā
RomanizationPaiboonjâo
Royal Institutechao
(standard) IPA(key)/t͡ɕaw˥˩/(R)

NounEdit

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. (colloquial) a title given to a person of lower status.
  2. (colloquial) a title of endearment for anyone or anything.

PronounEdit

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. (archaic) a second or third person pronoun, used to address a person of equal or lower status.
Usage notesEdit
  • Often used with the first person pronoun ข้า (kâa).
See alsoEdit