reißen

See also: reissen

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • reissen (Switzerland, Liechtenstein)

EtymologyEdit

Middle High German rizen, from Old High German rīzan (to scratch). From a merger of two similar verbs:

Cognate with English rat (to rip up, tear, rend), Dutch rijten (to rip up, tear, rend), Low German riten (to rip, tear, rend), Luxembourgish räissen (to scratch, tear, rip apart), Hunsrik reise, Saterland Frisian riete (to rip, tear).

Compare also Dutch wrijten (to argue, quarrel), English write (to inscribe, engrave, imprint), Swedish rita (to draw, design, delineate, model), Icelandic ríta (to cut, scratch, write).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʁaɪ̯sn̩/, /ˈʁaɪ̯sən/
  • (file)
  • (file)

VerbEdit

reißen (class 1 strong, third-person singular present reißt, past tense riss, past participle gerissen, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (transitive) to tear (something); to pull (something) apart; to rip (something) [auxiliary haben]
    • 1918, Elisabeth von Heyking, Aus dem Lande der Ostseeritter, in Zwei Erzählungen, Phillipp Reclam jun., page 100:
      Es war als rängen beständig zwei Mächte um sie, als würde sie wehrlos von ihnen hin und her gerissen.
      It was as if two powers struggled over her continuously, as if she was torn to and fro by them defenselessly.
  2. (intransitive) to break; to become torn apart [auxiliary sein]
  3. (transitive) to snatch; to wrench; to yank; to drag; to tug; to pull on (something) [auxiliary haben]

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit