See also: Rost, róst, ròst, rôt, röst, Røst, and рост

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA or enPR then please add some!

NounEdit

rost (plural rosts)

  1. (Scotland) Alternative form of roust (a strong tide or current)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “rost” in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

AnagramsEdit


BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French rostir, of West Germanic origin.

NounEdit

rost m

  1. roasted meat

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Perhaps of pre-Roman origin.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rost (feminine rosta, masculine plural rosts or rostos, feminine plural rostes)

  1. steep

NounEdit

rost m (plural rosts or rostos)

  1. a steep slope

Further readingEdit


DanishEdit

VerbEdit

rost

  1. past participle of rose

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔst

AdjectiveEdit

rost

  1. Superlative form of ros

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from an unattested stem + -t (noun-forming suffix).[1]

NounEdit

rost (plural rostok)

  1. fiber
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rost rostok
accusative rostot rostokat
dative rostnak rostoknak
instrumental rosttal rostokkal
causal-final rostért rostokért
translative rosttá rostokká
terminative rostig rostokig
essive-formal rostként rostokként
essive-modal
inessive rostban rostokban
superessive roston rostokon
adessive rostnál rostoknál
illative rostba rostokba
sublative rostra rostokra
allative rosthoz rostokhoz
elative rostból rostokból
delative rostról rostokról
ablative rosttól rostoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rosté rostoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rostéi rostokéi
Possessive forms of rost
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rostom rostjaim
2nd person sing. rostod rostjaid
3rd person sing. rostja rostjai
1st person plural rostunk rostjaink
2nd person plural rostotok rostjaitok
3rd person plural rostjuk rostjaik

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from German, more specifically from Bavarian. Compare Rost (grill).[1]

NounEdit

rost (plural rostok)

  1. grill (grid of metal to roast food on)
    Synonyms: rostély, vasrács
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rost rostok
accusative rostot rostokat
dative rostnak rostoknak
instrumental rosttal rostokkal
causal-final rostért rostokért
translative rosttá rostokká
terminative rostig rostokig
essive-formal rostként rostokként
essive-modal
inessive rostban rostokban
superessive roston rostokon
adessive rostnál rostoknál
illative rostba rostokba
sublative rostra rostokra
allative rosthoz rostokhoz
elative rostból rostokból
delative rostról rostokról
ablative rosttól rostoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rosté rostoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rostéi rostokéi
Possessive forms of rost
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rostom rostjaim
2nd person sing. rostod rostjaid
3rd person sing. rostja rostjai
1st person plural rostunk rostjaink
2nd person plural rostotok rostjaitok
3rd person plural rostjuk rostjaik

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 rost in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further readingEdit

  • (fiber): rost in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (grill): rost in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

LombardEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French rostir, of West Germanic origin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rost m (invariable)

  1. roast

Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rost

  1. supine of rosć

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

rost

  1. Alternative form of roste (roast)

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

rost

  1. Alternative form of rust

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

rost

  1. Alternative form of rosten (to roast)

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *orstъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rost m inan

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of wzrost.

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

nouns

Further readingEdit

  • rost in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rost in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin rōstrum. Compare Aromanian arostu. Compare also related meanings in Albanian rast.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rost n (plural rosturi)

  1. order
  2. sense, meaning
  3. purpose, aim
  4. justification
  5. job
  6. (obsolete) mouth
  7. (obsolete) the faculty of speaking, speech

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish rost, from Old Norse *rustr, from Proto-Germanic *rustaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ-.

NounEdit

rost c

  1. (uncountable) rust
  2. a gridiron, a grill

DeclensionEdit

Declension of rost 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rost rosten rostar rostarna
Genitive rosts rostens rostars rostarnas

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit