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DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch steken, from Old Dutch *stekan, from Proto-Germanic *stikaną, originally a class 1 strong verb.

VerbEdit

steken

  1. (transitive) to prick, sting
  2. (transitive) to stab, thrust (with a sharp instrument such as a dagger)
  3. (transitive) to insert, put in
    Ik hoorde hoe een sleutel in het slot werd gestoken.
    I heard a key being inserted into the keyhole.
InflectionEdit
Inflection of steken (strong class 4)
infinitive steken
past singular stak
past participle gestoken
infinitive steken
gerund steken n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular steek stak
2nd person sing. (jij) steekt stak
2nd person sing. (u) steekt stak
2nd person sing. (gij) steekt staakt
3rd person singular steekt stak
plural steken staken
subjunctive sing.1 steke stake
subjunctive plur.1 steken staken
imperative sing. steek
imperative plur.1 steekt
participles stekend gestoken
1) Archaic.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Non-lemma forms.

NounEdit

steken

  1. Plural form of steek

AnagramsEdit


Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon stekan, from Proto-Germanic *stikaną.

VerbEdit

steken (past steek or stook, past participle steken or staken, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. (transitive) to stick (someone or something); to poke
  2. (transitive or intransitive) to sting; to bite; to prick
  3. (transitive) to stab
  4. (transitive) to cut; to chop
  5. (transitive, of the sun) to burn
  6. (transitive, card games) to take; to trump; to capture

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *stekan, from Proto-Germanic *stikaną, originally a class 1 strong verb.

VerbEdit

stēken

  1. to prick, sting
  2. to stab, thrust (with a sharp instrument such as a dagger)
  3. to stick, to push (into something)
  4. to drive off, to chase away
  5. to light (fire)
  6. to place, to position, to bring

InflectionEdit

Strong class 4
Indicative Present Past
1st singular stēke stac
2nd singular stēecs, stēkes stâecs, stâkes
3rd singular stēect, stēket stac
1st plural stēken stâken
2nd plural stēect, stēket stâect, stâket
3rd plural stēken stâken
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular stēke stâke
2nd singular stēecs, stēkes stâkes
3rd singular stēke stâke
1st plural stēken stâken
2nd plural stēect, stēket stâket
3rd plural stēken stâken
Imperative Present
Singular stec, stēke
Plural stēect, stēket
Present Past
Participle stēkende gestōken

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • steken (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • steken”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

steken

  1. definite singular of stek
  2. definite plural of stek