From Middle English cynabare [mid-15th c.], from Old French cinabre, from Latin cinnabaris, from Ancient Greek κιννάβαρι (kinnábari), from perhaps Arabic زِنْجَفْر (zinjafr), related to Persian شنگرف (šangarf) from Old Persian 𐎿𐎡𐎣𐎲𐎽𐎢𐏁 (s-i-k-b-ru-u-š /sinkabruš/, “carnelian”) , of unknown origin.
- enPR: sĭnʹ-ə'bär; IPA(key): /ˈsɪn.əˌbɑɹ/
- A deep red mineral, mercuric sulfide, HgS; the principal ore of mercury; such ore used as the pigment vermilion.
- Synonym: (obsolete) æthiops mineral
- A bright red colour tinted with orange.
- (countable) A species of moth, Tyria jacobaeae, having red patches on its predominantly black wings.
- Synonym: cinnabar moth
- 2015, Norman Maclean, A Less Green and Pleasant Land, page 223:
- There are a few day-flying exceptions such as hummingbird hawk-moths, silver Ys, cinnabars, scarlet tigers and burnets but, in general, knowledge of moths lags behind that of butterflies.
- (in “Cinnabar Panacea”) The Elixir of Life.
- Of a bright red colour tinted with orange.
- (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)