cinnabar

EnglishEdit

 
Cinnabar mineral (1)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English cynabare [mid-15th c.], from Old French cinabre, from Latin cinnabaris, from Ancient Greek κιννάβαρι (kinnábari), from perhaps Arabic زِنْجَفْر(zinjafr), related to Persian شنگرف‎(šangarf) from Old Persian 𐎿𐎡𐎣𐎲𐎽𐎢𐏁 (s-i-k-b-ru-u-š /sinkabruš/, carnelian) , of unknown origin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cinnabar (countable and uncountable, plural cinnabars)

  1. A deep red mineral, mercuric sulfide, HgS; the principal ore of mercury; such ore used as the pigment vermilion.
    Synonym: æthiops mineral (obsolete)
  2. A bright red colour tinted with orange.
    cinnabar:  
  3. (countable) A species of moth, Tyria jacobaeae, having red patches on its predominantly black wings.
    Synonym: cinnabar moth
    • 2015, Norman Maclean, A Less Green and Pleasant Land, page 223:
      There are a few day-flying exceptions such as hummingbird hawk-moths, silver Ys, cinnabars, scarlet tigers and burnets but, in general, knowledge of moths lags behind that of butterflies.
  4. (in “Cinnabar Panacea) The Elixir of Life.

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cinnabar (comparative more cinnabar, superlative most cinnabar)

  1. Of a bright red colour tinted with orange.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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Further readingEdit