English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English thaugh, thagh, from Old English þēah (though, although, even if, that, however, nevertheless, yet, still; whether), later superseded in many dialects by Middle English though, thogh, from Old Norse *þóh (later þó); both from Proto-Germanic *þauh (though), from Proto-Indo-European *to-, suffixed with Proto-Germanic *-hw < Proto-Indo-European *-kʷe (and).

Akin to Scots thoch (though), Saterland Frisian dach (though), West Frisian dôch, dochs (though), Dutch doch (though), German doch (though), Swedish dock (however, still), Icelandic þó (though). More at that.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

though (not comparable)

  1. (conjunctive) Despite that; however.
    I'm not paid to do all this paperwork for you. I will do it this once, though.
    • 2013 July 20, “Old soldiers?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Whether modern, industrial man is less or more warlike than his hunter-gatherer ancestors is impossible to determine. [] One thing that is true, though, is that murder rates have fallen over the centuries, as policing has spread and the routine carrying of weapons has diminished. Modern society may not have done anything about war. But peace is a lot more peaceful.
  2. (degree) Used to intensify statements or questions; indeed.
    "Man, it's hot in here." — "Isn't it, though?"

Synonyms edit

Translations edit

Conjunction edit


  1. Despite the fact that; although.
    Though it is risky, it is worth taking the chance.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  2. (archaic) If, that, even if.
    We shall be not sorry though the man die tonight.

Usage notes edit

  • (if): This sense is now archaic, except in the fixed expression as though meaning as if.

Synonyms edit

Translations edit

Derived terms edit