See also: Tragen and trägen

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German tragen, cognate with Old Portuguese trager, from Old High German tragan, from Proto-Germanic *draganą (to draw, drag), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰregʰ-, *dʰerāgʰ- (to draw, pull, drag). Cognate with Dutch dragen, English draw, drag, Danish drage.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtʁaːɡən/, /ˈtʁaːɡŋ̩/
  • Hyphenation: tra‧gen
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːɡn̩

VerbEdit

tragen (class 6 strong, third-person singular simple present trägt, past tense trug, past participle getragen, past subjunctive trüge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to carry, to take
    • Und was auch kommen mag,
      sei es ein dunkler Tag,
      sei es Glück oder Freude,
      wir tragen es beide!
      (Haussegen)
      And come what may,
      be it a dark day,
      be it lucky or joyous,
      we take them both! (House blessing)
  2. (transitive, figurative) to bear, to carry (responsibility, blame, a name, a title, etc.)
    Ärzte tragen eine große Verantwortung für ihr Handeln.
    Doctors carry a great responsibility for their actions.
    Er trägt Schuld an dem Unfall.
    He's to blame (lit. He bears blame) for the accident.
  3. (transitive) to bear, to (have to) pay (for) (costs, expenses, losses, etc.)
    Ohne Versicherung müssen Sie die Kosten leider selbst tragen.
    Unfortunately, without insurance you must bear the cost yourself.
  4. (transitive, agriculture, sometimes figurative) to produce, to bear, to yield
    Die Bäume tragen im Herbst Früchte.
    The trees bear fruit in the fall.
    Investitionen in die Kultur tragen Früchte in Form von Nationalstolz.
    Investments in culture bear fruit in the form of national pride.
  5. (transitive or intransitive, fashion) to wear (clothing, jewelry)
    Ich trage einen blauen Anzug und eine rote Krawatte.
    I'm wearing a blue suit and a red tie.
  6. (transitive) to hold
  7. (transitive) to support, to maintain
  8. (intransitive, agriculture) to crop
  9. (reflexive, finance) to pay for itself

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • tragen in Duden online
  • tragen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache