Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 12:53

See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

甲 甲 甲 甲
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形): a turtle shell.

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田中 (WL), four-corner 60500, composition)

  1. armor, shell
  2. fingernails
  3. the first of the ten heavenly stems

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 758, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1167, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2525, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7532

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (甲), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 狎
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古狎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣap̚/ /kap̚/ /kap̚/ /kɯap̚/ /kaɨp̚/ /kap̚/ /kap̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǎ ‹ kaep › /*[k]ˤr[a]p/ 1st heavenly stem; fingernail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5931 1 /*kraːb/ 甲金文作十或田,象龜甲裂紋

NounEdit

  1. armor

AdjectiveEdit

  1. number one; first

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. carapace, shell
  2. first in rank
  3. instep or the back of the hand
  4. the first party

(hiragana よろい, romaji yoroi)

  1. armor

(hiragana きのえ, romaji kinoe)

  1. first sign of the Chinese calendar

(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. treble range

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gap) (hangeul , revised gap, McCune-Reischauer kap, Yale kap)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giáp, giẹp, kép, nháp, ráp)

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