Last modified on 6 December 2014, at 19:32

simpl. and trad.
See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): a snake. Later borrowed for the then-homophonous third-person pronoun ("he/she/it"). Today is used for "he" and for "she". "Snake" is now written as .

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 十心 (JP), four-corner 30711, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 281, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7057
  • Dae Jaweon: page 551, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 910, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B83

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (它), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 託何切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰa/ /tʰɑ/ /tʰɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tha › /*l̥ ˤaj/ another

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12210 1 /*l̥ʰaːl/

PronounEdit

  1. (inanimate object, animal) it

See alsoEdit

  • (Classical Chinese, gender and number neutral - he, she, it, they)
  • (Min Nan, Wu, gender neutral - he, she, it)
  • (Cantonese, gender neutral - he, she, it) ,
  • he, him
  • it
  • he (deity)
  • it (animal)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tha, , đà)

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