Last modified on 15 November 2014, at 18:13

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
老-bw.png
Stroke order
老-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (an old man with long hair, bent over) +  (cane) – an old man, leaning on a cane. Compare top component to

Cognate to ; the most commonly cited example of 轉注 (zhuǎn zhù, reciprocal meaning).

老 老 老 老
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 125 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十大心 (JKP), four-corner 44711, composition)

  1. old, aged
  2. experienced

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 960, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28842
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1407, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2778, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8001

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (老), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 盧晧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuX/ /lɑuX/ /lɑuX/ /lɑuX/ /lawX/ /lɑuX/ /lɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lǎo ‹ lawX › /*C.rˤuʔ/ old

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7666 1 /*ruːʔ/

NounEdit

  1. (classical) elderly
    • 以及 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Lǎo wú lǎo, yǐjí rén zhī lǎo. [Pinyin]
      Respect my elderly [parents], and then others' elderly.

VerbEdit

  1. (classical) respect [an elderly]
    • 以及 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Lǎo wú lǎo, yǐjí rén zhī lǎo. [Pinyin]
      Respect my elderly [parents], and then others' elderly.

AdjectiveEdit

  1. old, aged (for persons, animate and inanimate objects generally)
  2. experienced
  3. overcooked, tough, stringy, hard (used in reference to cooked food or meat)
  4. stale, not fresh (used in reference to food or potable liquids)
  5. always, all the time

PrefixEdit

  1. (affectionate, respectful) Used before surnames () to refer to heads or elder members of families (compare for younger people).
  2. (usually respectful and affectionate) Used by analogy in several other relationship terms
  3. (zoology) Used before several animals considered noxious or unpleasant
  4. (colloquial) Used before placenames, particularly countries, to form nouns

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
  2. old age, an old person, the aged

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ro>no) (hangeul >, revised ro>no, McCune-Reischauer ro>no, Yale lo>no)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lão, láu, lảo, lảu, rảu, lẩu, lẽo, lếu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.