See also: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and 𡚦

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
女-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): a woman with breasts kneeling or standing. In modern form turned on left side: enclosed area is remnant of left breast (character's left, depicted woman's right), while right breast has disappeared. Graphically cognate to (mother), which has developed similarly, but also includes dots for nipples and has retained both breasts.

女 女 女 女
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Wikipedia

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 女 (V), four-corner 40400)

  1. (human) female
  2. (astronomy) the Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius
  3. Kangxi radical 38

Usage notesEdit

Generally used only for humans. Female animals are typically described as instead.

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 254, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 516, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1023, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5973

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping jyu5, neoi5, neoi6, Yale neui5)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ ńg, nyi2, Guangdong ngi3, ng3, ngiu3 [Meixian], Hagfa Pinyim ng3)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. /womi1na//womina//omina/. The initial /wo/ expressed "small, youth" and contrasted with /o/ "grown, old" (as in (omina) "old woman"). The medial /mi/ is cognate with (me, female, woman).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おみな, historical hiragana をみな, romaji omina)

  1. (archaic) a young woman
  2. (archaic) a woman

Etymology 2Edit

From earlier /womina/: /womina//woɴna//oɴna/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おんな, historical hiragana をんな, romaji onna)

  1. a woman
Usage notesEdit

This has superseded omina, and is now one of the standard Japanese words for woman.

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese. /me1//me/

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. female
  2. woman
  3. wife
Usage notesEdit

Used more in compounds than on its own.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(nyeo(yeo))
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[()]] (revised: nyeo(yeo), McCune-Reischauer: nyŏ(yŏ), Yale: nye(nye))
  • Name (hangeul): 계집 (revised: gyejip, McCune-Reischauer: kyejip, Yale: kyeycip)
  1. (계집 녀, gyejip-): (vulgar) female, woman, wife.

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (nü3), (Nü3), (ru3), Wade-Giles 3, Nü3)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. woman
    女人 woman, 女的 woman
    请问卫生间在哪儿?
    qǐngwèn wèishēng jiān zài nǎr?
    Where is the ladies' lavatory please?
  2. female (for people)
    这位演员以演技感动观众。
    zhèwèi yǎnyuán yǐ yǎn jì gǎndòng guānzhòng.
    The actress moved the audience with her performance.
  3. daughter
    女儿
  4. Kangxi radical 38

SynonymsEdit

PronounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. (archaic) thou ( variant of )

Proper nounEdit

  1. (astronomy) the Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius, one of the 28 lunar mansions and part of the Black Turtle

HypernymsEdit

  • 玄武 (constellation)
  • 二十八宿 (constellation)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-20.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-20.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(* niǔ, * njiǔ)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ lú (lu2), lí (li2))


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nữa, lỡ, nhỡ, nớ, nợ, nỡ, nữ, nự)

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:36