Last modified on 15 November 2014, at 04:58

See also: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and 𡚦

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
女-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): a woman with breasts kneeling or standing. In modern form turned on left side: enclosed area is remnant of left breast (character's left, depicted woman's right), while right breast has disappeared. Graphically cognate to (mother), which has developed similarly, but also includes dots for nipples and has retained both breasts.

女 女 女 女
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Wikipedia

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 女 (V), four-corner 40400)

  1. Kangxi radical 38

Usage notesEdit

Generally used only for humans. Female animals are typically described as instead.

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 254, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 516, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1023, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5973

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (女), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 娘 (12)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 尼吕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɳɨʌX/ /ni̯woX/ /niɔX/ /ɳiɔX/ /ɳɨə̆X/ /nĭoX/ /niɔX/
Character (女), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 娘 (12)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 尼據切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɳɨʌH/ /ni̯woH/ /niɔH/ /ɳiɔH/ /ɳɨə̆H/ /nĭoH/ /niɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nrjoX › /*nraʔ/ female
‹ nrjoH › /*nraʔ-s/ give as a wife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9616 0 /*naʔ/
9618 0 /*nas/

NounEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) woman
  2. (for people) female
  3. daughter
  4. Kangxi radical 38 (woman)
SynonymsEdit

PronounEdit

  1. (archaic) thou ( variant of )

Proper nounEdit

  1. (astronomy) the Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius, 10th of the Twenty-Eight Mansions (二十八宿) and part of the Black Turtle (玄武).
HypernymsEdit
  • 玄武 (The Black Turtle (constellation))
  • 二十八宿 (The Twenty-Eight Mansions (constellation))
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-20.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-20.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. /womi1na//womina//omina/. The initial /wo/ expressed "small, youth" and contrasted with /o/ "grown, old" (as in (omina) "old woman"). The medial /mi/ is cognate with (me, female, woman).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おみな, romaji omina)

  1. (archaic) a young woman
  2. (archaic) a woman

Etymology 2Edit

From earlier /womina/: /womina//woɴna//oɴna/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おんな, romaji onna)

  1. a woman
Usage notesEdit

This has superseded omina, and is now one of the standard Japanese words for woman.

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese. /me1//me/

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. female
  2. woman
  3. wife
Usage notesEdit

Used more in compounds than on its own.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(nyeo(yeo))
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): () (McCune-Reischauer: nyŏ(yŏ), Yale: nye(nye))
  • Name (hangeul): 계집 (revised: gyejip, McCune-Reischauer: kyejip, Yale: kyeycip)
  1. (계집 녀, gyejip-): (vulgar) female, woman, wife.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nữa, lỡ, nhỡ, nớ, nợ, nỡ, nữ, nự)

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ReferencesEdit