Last modified on 6 November 2014, at 15:06

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (walk) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜田中女 (YWLV), four-corner 36303, composition)

  1. still, yet, also, besides
  2. to return
  3. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1266, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39174
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1764, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3888, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+9084

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (還), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸關切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuan/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuan/ /ɦʷɯan/ /ɦwaɨn/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuɐn/
Character (還), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 似宣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ziuᴇn/ /zi̯wɛn/ /ziuɛn/ /zʷiɛn/ /zwian/ /zĭwɛn/ /zjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huán ‹ hwaen › /*[ɢ]ʷˤ<r>en/ turn around; return
xuán ‹ zjwen › /*s-ɢʷen/ turn around, return; agile

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16230 1 /*ɡʷraːn/
16244 1 /*sɢʷan/

AdverbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) still; yet
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) even more
  3. (Beginning Mandarin) passably

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to return; to go (or come) back
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) to return; to repay

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwan, seon) (hangeul , , revised hwan, seon, McCune-Reischauer hwan, sŏn, Yale hwan, sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoàn)

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