Last modified on 9 July 2014, at 10:20

second

EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Old French second, from Latin secundus (following, next in order), from root of sequor (I follow), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to follow).

English ordinal numbers
 <  1st 2nd 3rd  > 
    Ordinal : second
    Cardinal : two

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: sĕʹkənd, IPA(key): /ˈsɛk.ənd/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sec‧ond

AdjectiveEdit

second (not comparable)

  1. Number-two; following after the first one with nothing between them. The ordinal number corresponding to the cardinal number two.
    He lives on Second Street.
    The second volume in "The Lord of the Rings" series is called "The Two Towers".
    You take the first one, and I'll have the second.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, The China Governess[1]:
      The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. [] The second note, the high alarum, not so familiar and always important since it indicates the paramount sin in Man's private calendar, took most of them by surprise although they had been well prepared.
  2. Next to the first in value, power, excellence, dignity, or rank; secondary; subordinate; inferior.
    • Landor
      May the day when we become the second people upon earth [] be the day of our utter extirpation.
  3. Being of the same kind as one that has preceded; another.
    • Shakespeare
      A Daniel, still say I, a second Daniel!
Alternative formsEdit
  • (number-two): 2nd, 2d, IInd; (in names of monarchs and popes) II
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdverbEdit

second (not comparable)

  1. (with superlative) At the second rank.
    Saturn is the second largest planet.
  2. After the first occurrence but before the third occurrence.
    He is batting second today.
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

second (plural seconds)

  1. One that is number two in a series.
  2. One that is next in rank, quality, precedence, position, status, or authority.
  3. The place that is next below first in a race or contest.
  4. (usually in the plural) A manufactured item that, though still usable, fails to meet quality control standards.
    They were discounted because they contained blemishes, nicks or were otherwise factory seconds.
  5. (usually in the plural) An additional helping of food.
    That was good barbecue. I hope I can get seconds.
  6. A chance or attempt to achieve what should have been done the first time, usually indicating success this time around. (See second-guess.)
    • 2003, Sheila Ryan Wallace, The Sea Captain and His Ladies, page 22:
      The policeman smiled, his eyes twinkling. "Now if you'll follow me, I'll escort you to the Victoria."
      "Oh, there's no need of that. If you'll just point me in the right direction..."
      That's what got you in trouble the first time around. You don't need a second.
    • 2009, Paulette Jiles, Stormy Weather, page 37:
      Smoky Joe ran against a Houston horse named Cherokee Chief.
      “Don't hit him,” Jeanine said to the jockey. “Maybe once. But you don't get a second.”
    • 2011, Karen Miller, The Innocent Mage:
      I'll have one chance to show them that's no longer true. One chance ... and if I stumble, I'll not get a second.
  7. (music) The interval between two adjacent notes in a diatonic scale (either or both of them may be raised or lowered from the basic scale via any type of accidental).
  8. The second gear of an engine.
  9. (baseball) Second base.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French seconde, from Medieval Latin secunda, short for secunda pars minuta (second diminished part (of the hour))

Alternative formsEdit

  • (SI unit of time): (abbreviations) s, sec; (symbols) s (SI and non-scientific usage), sec (in non-scientific usage only)
  • (unit of angle): (abbreviations) arcsec, "

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: sĕ'kənd, IPA(key): /ˈsɛk.ənd/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sec‧ond

NounEdit

second (plural seconds)

A light flashing approximately once per second
  1. The SI unit of time, defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of radiation corresponding to the transition between two hyperfine levels of caesium-133 in a ground state at a temperature of absolute zero and at rest; one-sixtieth of a minute.
  2. A unit of angle equal to one-sixtieth of a minute of arc or one part in 3600 of a degree.
  3. A short, indeterminate amount of time.
    I'll be there in a second.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle French seconder, from Latin secundo (assist, make favorable)

PronunciationEdit

Transfer temporarily
Assist, Agree
  • (UK, US) enPR: sĕ'kənd, IPA(key): /ˈsɛkənd/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sec‧ond

VerbEdit

second (third-person singular simple present seconds, present participle seconding, simple past and past participle seconded)

  1. (transitive, UK) To transfer temporarily to alternative employment.
    • 1998Paul Leonard, Dreamstone Moon, ch 9
      Daniel had still been surprised, however, to find the lab area deserted, all the scientists apparently seconded by Cleomides's military friends.
  2. (transitive) To assist or support; to back.
    • Shakespeare
      We have supplies to second our attempt.
    • Alexander Pope
      In human works though laboured on with pain, / A thousand movements scarce one purpose gain; / In God's, one single can its end produce, / Yet serves to second too some other use.
  3. (transitive) To agree as a second person to (a proposal), usually to reach a necessary quorum of two.
    I second the motion.
  4. To follow in the next place; to succeed.
    • Fuller
      In the method of nature, a low valley is immediately seconded with an ambitious hill.
    • South
      Sin is seconded with sin.
  5. (climbing) To climb after a lead climber.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

second (plural seconds)

  1. One who supports another in a contest or combat, such as a dueller's assistant.
    • 1820, Pierce Egan, Sporting Anecdotes, page 414:
      The dogs however parted, and after a little handling by their seconds immediately returned to the charge
    • 1973, Frank Brady, Bobby Fischer: Profile of a Prodigy, page 201:
      They find ways to take advice from their seconds or they arrange the schedule against you as they did to me in the finals of the 1962 World Tournament
    • 1992, International Courts for the Twenty-First Century, page 10:
      Vaguely reminiscent of the use of "seconds" among duelists, this provision required that the two hostile nations stop threatening each other and, instead, to let two appointed countries (their "seconds") try and solve their difficulties
    • 2009, David Brakke, Demons and the Making of the Monk: Spiritual Combat in Early ...:
      Theodore's practice is described as a model for the housemasters and their seconds
  2. One who agrees in addition, or such a motion, as required in certain meetings to pass judgement etc.
    If we want the motion to pass, we will need a second.
  3. (obsolete) Aid; assistance; help.
    • J. Fletcher
      Give second, and my love / Is everlasting thine.
TranslationsEdit

External linksEdit

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AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (abbreviation) 2e

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin secundus (second); related to sequi (follow).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

second m (feminine seconde, masculine plural seconds, feminine plural secondes)

  1. second
    « Chiquita! Chiquita! » À la seconde appellation, une fillette maigre et hâve (...) s'avança vers Agostin. (Gautier, Fracasse, 1863)
    une seconde possibilité — a second possibility, another possibility

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

second m (plural seconds)

  1. assistant, first mate
    Je m'attachai aux pas de miss Harriet et lui servis de second dans le classement du linge. (Gobineau, Pléiades, 1874)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


Old FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

second m

  1. (ordinal) second

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit