See also: ان, أن, إن, اَِنْ, -ان, and ان-

Arabic

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Belonging to the family ء ن ي (ʔ-n-y), “to come or draw near”, “to be at or present”, “to happen or occur“, “to come to a point in time”. Related to هُنَا (hunā, here, in this place; then, now, at this point), أَنْ (ʔan, that, that before us presently), إِن (ʔin, if possible; having the possibility to occur or happen, a chance of coming to be before us, of presenting itself), إِنَّ (ʔinna, surely; now surely, now indeed), and أَيْنَ (ʔayna, where, at which place). Related cognates with Akkadian 𒀭𒉡 (annu, now; see, look), Hebrew אָנָה ('ána, whither, to where), Ugaritic 𐎀𐎐 (ản, where, at which place, to which point), Classical Syriac ܐܢ (ʾān, where, at a place; until when, how long).

Noun

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آن (ʔānm

  1. time
    Synonyms: وَقْت (waqt), حِين (ḥīn), أَوَان (ʔawān)
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Kurdish:
    Central Kurdish: ئان (an), عان ('an)
    Southern Kurdish: ئان (an)
  • Persian: آن (ân, moment)
    Uyghur: ئان (an, moment, instant)
  • Turkish: an

Etymology 2

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See above.

Verb

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آنَ (ʔāna) I, non-past يَئِينُ‎ (yaʔīnu)

  1. to come, to near (said of time)
    Synonyms: حَانَ (ḥāna), أَنَى (ʔanā)
Conjugation
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Ottoman Turkish

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Etymology

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From Arabic آن (ʔān).

Noun

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آن (an) (definite accusative آنی)

  1. moment
    بر آن اولbir an evvelas soon as possible

Descendants

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  • Turkish: an

References

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  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013), “an 1”, in The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN
  • Kélékian, Diran (1911) “آن”, in Dictionnaire turc-français[1], Constantinople: Mihran, page 38

Persian

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Dari آن
Iranian Persian
Tajik он

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? ān
Dari reading? ān
Iranian reading? ân
Tajik reading? on

Homophone: او (colloquial Dari)

  • Audio (Iran):(file)

Etymology 1

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From Middle Persian 𐭠𐭭 (ān, that, he).[1]

Determiner

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آن (ân)

  1. that

Pronoun

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آن (ân) (plural آن‌ها, human plural آنان)

  1. that
  2. it
  3. he, she
    Synonyms: او (u), وی (vey, literary formal), ایشان (išân, honorific), ایشون (išun, honorific colloquial)
See also
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Arabic آن (ʔān)

Noun

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آن (ân)

  1. moment
  2. breath
  3. (dialectal) mouth

References

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  1. ^ MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) “ān”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 8