See also: ع م ل

Arabic

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Root
ع م ل (ʕ-m-l)

The grammatical “government” meaning is a semantic loan from Medieval Latin vīs. Compare Hebrew עָמָל (`Amal, work, deed).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عَمِلَ (ʕamila) I, non-past يَعْمَلُ‎ (yaʕmalu)

  1. to work, perform
    هُوَ يَعْمَلُ فِي مَجَالِ التَكْنُولُوجِيَا.
    huwa yaʕmalu fī majāli t-taknūlūjiyā.
    He works in the field of technology.
    أَنَا أَعْمَلُ كَمُدَرِسٍ فِي الْمَدْرَسَةِ.
    ʔanā ʔaʕmalu kamudarisin fī l-madrasati.
    I work as a teacher at the school.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 18:79:
      أَمَّا السَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتْ لِمَسَاكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِي الْبَحْرِ
      ʔammā s-safīnatu fakānat limasākīna yaʕmalūna fī l-baḥri
      As for the ship, it belonged to some poor people, working at sea.
  2. to do (with deliberate thought)
  3. to practice, profess
  4. to produce an effect
  5. to be brisk, walk fast
  6. to exercise an influence
  7. (grammar) to govern a case
  8. to take pains (عَلَى (ʕalā) with)
  9. to work to an end
  10. to take care of
  11. to last without interruption
Conjugation
edit

Etymology 2

edit
Root
ع م ل (ʕ-m-l)

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عَمَّلَ (ʕammala) II, non-past يُعَمِّلُ‎ (yuʕammilu)

  1. to pay (someone) their fee or wages
  2. to make (someone) an administrator or governor
  3. to suppurate, grow cancerous
Conjugation
edit

Etymology 3

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ʕa.mal/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

edit

عَمَل (ʕamalm (plural أَعْمَال (ʔaʕmāl))

  1. verbal noun of عَمِلَ (ʕamila) (form I)
  2. action, act, deed
  3. work, business
    الْعَمَلُ الْجَمَاعِيُّ يُمْكِنُ أَن يَكُونَ مُفِيدًا فِي إِنْجَازِ الْمُشَارِيعِ الْكَبِيرَةِ.
    al-ʕamalu l-jamāʕiyyu yumkinu ʔan yakūna mufīdan fī ʔinjāzi l-mušārīʕi l-kabīrati.
    Collaborative work can be beneficial in completing large projects.
  4. (grammar) government
Declension
edit
Descendants
edit
  • Azerbaijani: əməl
  • Bashkir: ғәмәл (ğəməl)
  • Ottoman Turkish: عمل
  • Persian: عمل ('amal)
  • Swahili: amali
  • Uyghur: ئەمەل (emel)
  • Uzbek: amal

References

edit
  • Praetorius, Franz (1909) “Die grammatische Rektion bei den Arabern”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1], volume 63, pages 495–503
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) “عمل”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[2], London: W.H. Allen
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “عمل”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic

edit
Root
ع م ل
2 terms

Etymology

edit

From Arabic عَمِلَ (ʕamila).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عمل (ʕamal) I (non-past يعمل (yiʕmil))

  1. to do

Conjugation

edit
The template Template:arz-conj does not use the parameter(s):
ap=عامل
ap-tr=ʕāmil
pp=معمول
pp-tr=maʕmūl
vn=
vn-tr=

Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

    Conjugation of عمل (form-I sound)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m عملت (ʕamalt) عملت (ʕamalt) عمل (ʕamal) عملنا (ʕamalna) عملتوا (ʕamaltu) عملوا (ʕamalu)
f عملتي (ʕamalti) عملت (ʕamalit)
present subjunctive m اعمل (aʕmil) تعمل (tiʕmil) يعمل (yiʕmil) نعمل (niʕmil) تعملوا (tiʕmilu) يعملوا (yiʕmilu)
f تعملي (tiʕmili) تعمل (tiʕmil)
present indicative m بعمل (baʕmil) بتعمل (bitiʕmil) بيعمل (biyiʕmil) بنعمل (biniʕmil) بتعملوا (bitiʕmilu) بيعملوا (biyiʕmilu)
f بتعملي (bitiʕmili) بتعمل (bitiʕmil)
future m حعمل (ḥaʕmil) حتعمل (ḥatiʕmil) حيعمل (ḥayiʕmil) حنعمل (ḥaniʕmil) حتعملوا (ḥatiʕmilu) حيعملوا (ḥayiʕmilu)
f حتعملي (ḥatiʕmili) حتعمل (ḥatiʕmil)
imperative m اعمل (iʕmil) اعملوا (iʕmilu)
f اعملي (iʕmili)

Moroccan Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit
Root
ع م ل
1 term

From Arabic عَمِلَ (ʕamila).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عمل (ʕmal) I (non-past يعمل (yiʕmal))

  1. to do
    Synonym: دار (dār)

Conjugation

edit
The template Template:ary-conj-fʕal-yifʕal does not use the parameter(s):
1=ع
2=م
3=ل
4=ʕ
5=m
6=l

Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

North Levantine Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Arabic عَمِلَ (ʕamila).

Verb

edit

عمل (ʕimil) I (non-past يعمل (yiʕmil, yaʕmil, yaʕmul))

  1. to do
    شو عم تعمل؟
    šu ʕam taʕmul?
    What are you doing?

Persian

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Arabic عَمَل (ʕamal).

Pronunciation

edit
 

Readings
Classical reading? amal
Dari reading? amal
Iranian reading? amal
Tajik reading? amal

Noun

edit
Dari عمل
Iranian Persian
Tajik амал

عمل ('amal) (plural اعمال (a'mâl) or عمل‌ها ('amal-hâ))

  1. action
    Synonyms: کنش (koneš), کار (kâr)
  2. deed
  3. operation
    Synonym: عملیات ('amaliyât)

Inflection

edit
    Enclitic-attached forms of عمل ('amal) (Iranian Persian)
    Basic forms of عمل ('amal)
singular plural
bare عمل
('amal)
عمل‌ها
('amal-hấ)
عملا
('amalấ)
definitive direct object عمل را
('amal râ)
عمل رو
('amalo)
عمل‌ها را
('amal-hấ râ)
عملا رو
('amalấ ro)
ezâfe عمل
('amal-e)
عمل‌های
('amal-hấ-ye)
عملای
('amalấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
عملی
('amal-i)
عمل‌هایی
('amalấn-i, 'amal-hấ-i)
عملایی
('amalấi)
Colloquial.
    Possessive forms of عمل ('amal)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
عملم
('amalam)
عمل‌هایم
('amal-hấyam)
عمل‌هام، عملام
('amalấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
عملت
('amalat)
[Term?]
('amalet)
عمل‌هایت
('amal-hấyat)
عمل‌هات، عملات
('amalất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
عملش
('amalaš)
[Term?]
('amaleš)
عمل‌هایش
('amal-hấyaš)
عمل‌هاش، عملاش
('amalấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
عملمان
('amalemân)
عملمون
('amalemun)
عمل‌هایمان
('amal-hấyemân)
عمل‌هامون، عملامون
('amalấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
عملتان
('amaletân)
عملتون
('amaletun)
عمل‌هایتان
('amal-hấyetân)
عمل‌هاتون، عملاتون
('amalấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
عملشان
('amalešân)
عملشون
('amalešun)
عمل‌هایشان
('amal-hấyešân)
عمل‌هاشون، عملاشون
('amalấšun)
Colloquial.

Derived terms

edit

South Levantine Arabic

edit
Root
ع م ل
6 terms

Etymology

edit

From Arabic عَمِلَ (ʕamila).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ʕi.mil/, [ˈʕɛ.mɪl], [ˈʕɪ.mɪl], [ˈʕi.mɪl]
  • IPA(key): /ʕa.mal/, [ˈʕa.mal]
  • Audio (al-Lidd):(file)

Verb

edit

عمل (ʕimil) I (present بعمل (biʕmil), active participle عامل (ʕāmel))

  1. to do
    Synonym: سوّى (sawwa)
    شو بتحبّ نعمل؟
    šu bitḥebb niʕmil?
    What would you like for us to do?
    يلّا تعالي، شو بتعملي؟
    yalla taʕāli, šu btiʕmili?
    Come on, what are you doing?
  2. to make, to prepare
    Synonym: سوّى (sawwa)
    عملتلي دور.
    ʕimlatli dōr.
    She made an appointment for me.
    رح أعملكم أشياء زاكية.
    raḥ ʔaʕmilkom ʔašyāʔ zākye.
    I'm going to prepare some sweets for you.
  3. (reflexive) to act (a certain way), to pretend
    عمل حاله نايم.
    ʕimil ḥālo nāyem.
    He acted like he was asleep.

Usage notes

edit

Conjugation

edit
    Conjugation of عمل (ʕimil)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m عملت (ʕmilt) عملت (ʕmilt) عمل (ʕimil) عملنا (ʕmilna) عملتو (ʕmiltu) عملو (ʕimlu)
f عملتي (ʕmilti) عملت (ʕimlat)
present m بعمل (baʕmil) بتعمل (btiʕmil) بعمل (biʕmil) منعمل (mniʕmil) بتعملو (btiʕmilu) بعملو (biʕmilu)
f بتعملي (btiʕmili) بتعمل (btiʕmil)
subjunctive m أعمل (ʔaʕmil) تعمل (tiʕmil) يعمل (yiʕmil) نعمل (niʕmil) تعملو (tiʕmilu) يعملو (yiʕmilu)
f تعملي (tiʕmili) تعمل (tiʕmil)
imperative m اعمل (iʕmil) اعملو (iʕmilu)
f اعملي (iʕmili)

Noun

edit

عَمَل (transliteration neededm (plural أَعْمَال)

  1. work, business, employment
  2. action, act, deed

Urdu

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian عمل ('amal), from Arabic عَمَل (ʕamal).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

عمل ('amalm (Hindi spelling अमल)

  1. action, deed
  2. process
  3. effect