カ行変格活用

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: 2
へん
Grade: 4
かく
Grade: 5
かつ
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 2
goon kan’on
Alternative spelling
カ行變格活用 (kyūjitai)
 
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EtymologyEdit

Compound of カ行 (kagyō, ka-row) +‎ 変格活用 (henkaku katsuyō, irregular conjugation).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) んかくかつよー [hèńkákú káꜜtsùyòò] (Nakadaka – [5])[1]
  • (Tokyo) んかくかつよー [hèńkákú kátsúyóóꜜ] (Odaka – [8])[1]
  • IPA(key): [hẽ̞ŋka̠kɯ̟ᵝ ka̠t͡sɨᵝjo̞ː]

NounEdit

行変格活用(ぎょうへんかくかつよう) (ka-gyō henkaku katsuyō (kyūjitai カ行變格活用, historical kana かぎやうへんかくくわつよう)

  1. (grammar) a verbal conjugation class in which the verb stem ends in k-, with minor historical changes
    Synonyms: カ行変格 (ka-gyō henkaku), カ変 (ka-hen)
Modern 未然形
Irrealis
連用形
Adverbial
終止形
Conclusive
連体形
Attributive
仮定形
Conditional
命令形
Imperative
来る (kur-, to come) (ko) (ki) 来る (kuru) 来る (kuru) 来れ (kure) 来い (koi)
Archaic 未然形
Irrealis
連用形
Adverbial
終止形
Conclusive
連体形
Attributive
已然形
Realis
命令形
Imperative
(k-, to come) (ko2 → ko) (ki1 → ki) 来る (kuru) 来る (kuru) 来れ (kure) (ko2 → ko)
来よ (ko2yo2 → koyo)

The subscripts in the table above indicate differences in vowel class that were already being lost in Old Japanese. It remains unclear what those different vowel classes may have meant. See the Syllables section in the Wikipedia article on Old Japanese for more details.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN