サ行変格活用

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: 2
へん
Grade: 4
かく
Grade: 5
かつ
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 2
goon kan’on
Alternative spelling
サ行變格活用 (kyūjitai)
 
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EtymologyEdit

Compound of サ行 (sa-gyō, sa-row) +‎ 変格活用 (henkaku katsuyō, irregular conjugation).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) んかくかつよー [hèńkákú káꜜtsùyòò] (Nakadaka – [5])[1]
  • IPA(key): [hẽ̞ŋka̠kɯ̟ᵝ ka̠t͡sɨᵝjo̞ː]

NounEdit

行変格活用(ぎょうへんかくかつよう) (sa-gyō henkaku katsuyōさぎやうへんかくくわつよう (sagyaufenkakukwatuyou)? (kyūjitai サ行變格活用)

  1. (grammar) a verbal conjugation class in which the verb stem ends in s-
    Synonyms: サ行変格 (sa-gyō henkaku), サ変 (sa-hen)
Modern 未然形
Irrealis
連用形
Adverbial
終止形
Conclusive
連体形
Attributive
仮定形
Conditional
命令形
Imperative
する (sur-, to do) (shi)
(se)
(sa)
(shi) する (suru) する (suru) すれ (sure) しろ (shiro)
せよ (seyo)
Archaic 未然形
Irrealis
連用形
Adverbial
終止形
Conclusive
連体形
Attributive
已然形
Realis
命令形
Imperative
(s-, to do) (se) (si → shi) (su) する (suru) すれ (sure) せよ (seyo2 → seyo)

Usage notesEdit

そら (sora ni su, do by memory)(そら)んずる (soranzuru)(そら)んじる (soranjiru, to memorize)
(めい)ずる (meizuru)(めい)じる (meijiru, to order)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN