See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
活-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(water) +  ‎(tongue) – a wet tongue. Ancient Chinese thought that a wet tongue was a sign of life. + (chisel; the sound "hwet").

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水竹十口 (EHJR), four-corner 32164, composition)

  1. live, exist, survive
  2. lively

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 622, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17423
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1018, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1609, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6D3B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuo³⁵/
Harbin /xuo²⁴/
Tianjin /xuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuə⁴²/
Qingdao /xuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuo⁴²/
Xi'an /xuo²⁴/
Xining /xu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuə⁵³/ 干~
/xuə¹³/ 死~
Lanzhou /xuə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
Chengdu /xo³¹/
Guiyang /xo²¹/
Kunming /xo³¹/
Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuəʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuoʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xua²²/
/ua²²/
Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /uɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wut̚²/
Nanning /wut̚²²/
Hong Kong /wut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/uaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ua³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑt̚/ /kuɑt̚/ /kuɑt̚/ /kʷɑt̚/ /kwat̚/ /kuɑt̚/ /kuɑt̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɦʷɑt̚/ /ɦwat̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huó ‹ hwat › /*[ɡ]ʷˤat/ to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7568 3 /*koːd/
7585 3 /*ɡoːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to live

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuo³⁵/
Harbin /xuo²⁴/
Tianjin /xuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuə⁴²/
Qingdao /xuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuo⁴²/
Xi'an /xuo²⁴/
Xining /xu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuə⁵³/ 干~
/xuə¹³/ 死~
Lanzhou /xuə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
Chengdu /xo³¹/
Guiyang /xo²¹/
Kunming /xo³¹/
Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuəʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuoʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xua²²/
/ua²²/
Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /uɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wut̚²/
Nanning /wut̚²²/
Hong Kong /wut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/uaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ua³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑt̚/ /kuɑt̚/ /kuɑt̚/ /kʷɑt̚/ /kwat̚/ /kuɑt̚/ /kuɑt̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɦʷɑt̚/ /ɦwat̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huó ‹ hwat › /*[ɡ]ʷˤat/ to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7568 3 /*koːd/
7585 3 /*ɡoːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. The sound of running water.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwal, gwal) (hangeul , , revised hwal, gwal, McCune-Reischauer hwal, kwal, Yale hwal, kwal)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoạt, oặt, oạc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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