See also: and
U+6D3B, 活
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D3B

[U+6D3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D3C]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水竹十口 (EHJR), four-corner 32164, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 622, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17423
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1018, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1609, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6D3B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Evolved from 𣴠: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːd, *ɡoːd): semantic (water) + phonetic 𠯑 (OC *ɡroːd).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note: oa̍h - vernacular, hoa̍t - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuo³⁵/
Harbin /xuo²⁴/
Tianjin /xuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuə⁴²/
Qingdao /xuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuo⁴²/
Xi'an /xuo²⁴/
Xining /xu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuə⁵³/ 幹~
/xuə¹³/ 死~
Lanzhou /xuə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
Chengdu /xo³¹/
Guiyang /xo²¹/
Kunming /xo³¹/
Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuəʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuoʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xua²²/
/ua²²/
Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /uɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wut̚²/
Nanning /wut̚²²/
Hong Kong /wut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/uaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ua³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huó
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huó
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwat ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˁat/
English to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to live; to exist
  2. life; existence
  3. to make live; to provide food for
  4. having life; live
  5. lively
  6. flexible; movable
  7. flexible; adaptable; fluid
  8. job; work
  9. (informal) sexual intercourse
    /   ―  qì dà huór hǎo  ―  the "tool" (penis) is big, [his] sex is good
SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (かつ) (katsu)

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwat̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/kuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7568
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 活活 (guōguō).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Active

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term
かつ
Grade: 2
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (hwat, to live).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(かつ) (katsuくわつ (kwatu)?

  1. life

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦuɑt̚).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (sal hwal))

  1. Hanja form? of (activity).
  2. Hanja form? of (life; to have life; existence).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC kuɑt̚).

Historical readings

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 콸콸 흐를 (mul kwalkwal heureul gwal))

  1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (water gurgles).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: hoạt, oặt, oạc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.