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U+6D3B, 活
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D3B

[U+6D3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D3C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水竹十口 (EHJR), four-corner 32164, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 622, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17423
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1018, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1609, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6D3B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰroːds, *qʰroːds, *ɡroːd
*ɡroːds
*kroːd
*kroːd, *koːd
*kroːd, *kʰroːd
*ɡroːd, *ɦbljed
*ɡroːd, *ɡoːd
*ɡroːd, *koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *slem, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd
*kʰoːd
*kʰoːd
*ɡoːd

Evolved from 𣴠: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːd, *ɡoːd): semantic  (water) + phonetic 𠯑 (OC *ɡroːd).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note: oa̍h - vernacular, hoa̍t - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuo³⁵/
Harbin /xuo²⁴/
Tianjin /xuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuə⁴²/
Qingdao /xuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuo⁴²/
Xi'an /xuo²⁴/
Xining /xu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuə⁵³/ 幹~
/xuə¹³/ 死~
Lanzhou /xuə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
Chengdu /xo³¹/
Guiyang /xo²¹/
Kunming /xo³¹/
Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuəʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuoʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xua²²/
/ua²²/
Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /uɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wut̚²/
Nanning /wut̚²²/
Hong Kong /wut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/uaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ua³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huó
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huó
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwat ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˁat/
English to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to live; to exist
  2. life; existence
  3. to make live; to provide food for
  4. having life; live
  5. lively
  6. flexible; movable
  7. flexible; adaptable; fluid
  8. job; work
  9. (informal) sexual intercourse
      ―  qì dà huór hǎo  ―  the "tool" (penis) is big, [his] sex is good

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwat̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/kuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7568
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 活活 (guōguō).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Active

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term
かつ
Grade: 2
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (hwat, to live).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かつ, rōmaji katsu)

  1. life

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (sal hwal))

  1. activity
  2. life, to have life, existance

Etymology 2Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 콸콸 흐를 (mul kwalkwal heureul gwal))

  1. water gurgles

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: hoạt, oặt, oạc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.