See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 159 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十十弓人 (JJNO), four-corner 57082, composition)

  1. soft, flexible, pliable
  2. weak

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1240, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38213
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1716, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3518, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+8EDF

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuan²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʐuan²¹³/
Tianjin /yan¹³/
/ʐuan¹³/
Jinan /luã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /yã⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʐuan⁵³/
Xi'an /vã⁵³/
Xining /uã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʐuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʐuan⁵¹/
/van⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /zuan⁵³/
Guiyang /zuan⁴²/
Kunming /ʐuã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /ʐuaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /ʐʊ̃²⁴/
/ʐən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /zuæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /nzuɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵyø¹³/
Suzhou /ŋø³¹/
Hangzhou /nuõ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ne³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵyɛ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵyẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵyɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋion⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ŋion²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²³/
Nanning /yn²⁴/
Hong Kong /jyn¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /luan⁵³/
/nŋ̍⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nuiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nɯŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nui²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final: (78)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ruǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵiuᴇnX/ /ȵʷiɛnX/ /ȵʑjuænX/ /ȵwianX/ /ȵiuɛnX/ /ȵʑĭwɛnX/ /ȵʑi̯wɛnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10902 3 /*njonʔ/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. soft; flexible; pliable
  2. soft; gentle; mild
  3. weak; feeble

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhuyễn, nhiễn, nhũn, nhung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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