See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qemʔ, *qems, *qeb): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *qem, *qems)

Han characterEdit

(radical 27 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一日月大 (MABK), four-corner 71234, composition)

  1. dislike, detest, reject
  2. satiate

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 162, character 51
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3025
  • Dae Jaweon: page 370, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 78, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53AD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /iɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ian¹³/
Guiyang /ian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /i³⁵/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠i⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ie³²⁴/
Tunxi /iɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /iẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iam⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim³³/
Nanning /jim³³/
Hong Kong /jim³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iam²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iɛŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iam²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iam³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (34)
Final: (153)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiᴇmX/ /ʔiɛmX/ /ʔjæmX/ /ʔiamX/ /ʔiɛmX/ /ĭɛmX/ /ʔi̯ɛmX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (34)
Final: (153)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiᴇmH/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ʔjæmH/ /ʔiamH/ /ʔiɛmH/ /ĭɛmH/ /ʔi̯ɛmH/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (34)
Final: (155)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ye
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiᴇp̚/ /ʔiɛp̚/ /ʔjæp̚/ /ʔiap̚/ /ʔiɛp̚/ /ĭɛp̚/ /ʔi̯ɛp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjiep › /*ʔep/ press (v.)
yān ‹ ʔjiem › /*ʔem/ contented (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14420 2 /*qemʔ/
14426 2 /*qems/
14431 2 /*qeb/

VerbEdit

  1. to grow bored of/become tired of something or doing something

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Shared root with ‎(aki, "autumn"). Current meaning possibly arising from metaphorical use of the meaning "autumn".

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. Disgust.
  2. Having one's fill; loss of interest.

Alternative formsEdit

IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably originally onomatopoetic, much like the English yuck.

AdjectiveEdit

‎(-na inflection, hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Disgusting, unpleasant, yucky.
InflectionEdit

InterjectionEdit

‎(hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Yuck, ew.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeom, yeop) (hangeul , , revised yeom, yeop, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, yŏp, Yale yem, yep)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ướm, yếm, ếm, êm, im)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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