U+623F, 房
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-623F

[U+623E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6240]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 63, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸卜竹尸 (HSYHS) or 戈尸卜竹尸 (ISYHS), four-corner 30227, composition or ⿸ or ⿸)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 415, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11714
  • Dae Jaweon: page 759, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2260, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+623F

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baːŋ, *baŋ): semantic (door) + phonetic (OC *paŋ, *baŋ).

Also could be an Ideogrammic compound (會意): (door) + (homonym of (OC *baːŋ, “side”)), as it originally referred to one of the two rooms beside the central room (side room).

Etymology 1Edit

Etymology not certain. Probably Sino-Tibetan; compare Tibetan བང་བ (bang ba, storeroom; storehouse), Burmese ဝင်း (wang:, enclosure) (Bodman, 1980). Alternatively, compare Tibetan བྲང (brang, house) (as in ཕོ་བྲང (pho brang, palace) and བྲང་ཁང (brang khang, dwelling house)) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Sixian:
    • Pióng - surname;
    • fòng - other senses.
  • Meixian:
    • piong2 - surname;
    • fong2 - other senses.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pâng - vernacular (including surname in Taiwanese);
    • pông - literary (including surname in Xiamen, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou);
    • hông, phông - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (106)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱiwaŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fáng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fong4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[Cə-N-]paŋ/
    English side-room

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 3052
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. house
      一個人 / 一个人  ―  wǒ yī ge rén zài fáng  ―  I'm alone in the house.
    2. room (Classifier: m c)
      可以提包 [MSC, trad.]
      可以提包 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ kěyǐ bǎ tíbāo liào zài nǐ fáng lǐ ma? [Pinyin]
      Can I dump my bags in your room?
      已經 [MSC, trad.]
      已经 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ yǐjīng bǎ zhè jiān fáng fēn gěi nǐ le. [Pinyin]
      I have allocated this room to you.
    3. house-like structure
        ―  xīnfáng  ―  heart (as a house of emotions); cardiac atrium
    4. branch of a family
        ―  èrfáng  ―  second son and his family
    5. wife; concubine
        ―  fáng  ―  wife
        ―  èrfáng  ―  concubine
        ―  piānfáng  ―  concubine
        ―  shōufáng  ―  to take as concubine
    6. sexual activity
        ―  xíngfáng  ―  to go to bed with
    7. Classifier for relatives.
      親戚 / 亲戚  ―  sān fáng qīnqi  ―  three relatives
      兄弟  ―  fáng xiōngdì  ―  four brothers
    8. Classifier for wives, concubines or daughters-in-law.
      側室 / 侧室  ―  qǔ yī fáng cèshì  ―  to take a concubine
      媳婦 / 媳妇  ―  liǎng fáng xífù  ―  two daughters-in-law
    9. Classifier for fruits: bunch
    10. (astronomy) the Room (a Chinese constellation, 4th of the Twenty-Eight Mansions and part of the Azure Dragon)
    11. A surname​. Fang
      /   ―  Fáng Xuánlíng  ―  Fang Xuanling (Tang dynasty politician)
    12. () Fang (a county of Shiyan, Hubei, China)
    13. (obsolete) side room
    SynonymsEdit
    See alsoEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ぼう) ()
    • Korean: (, bang)
    • Vietnamese: phòng ()

    Others:

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /baŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /bɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /bɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    páng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pong4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 3002
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 阿房宮阿房宫 (Ēfánggōng, “Epang Palace”).
    2. Used in 房皇 (“wavering; pacing up and down”), alternative form of 彷徨 (pánghuáng).

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. chamber; room
    2. home of a monk; monk
    3. Chinese "room" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (ふさ) (fusa

    1. tassel
    2. bunch (of flowers or fruit, e.g. grapes)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bang bang))

    1. Hanja form? of (room).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: phòng, buồng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.