See also: , , , and
U+5713, 圓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5713

[U+5712]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5714]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 31, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田口月金 (WRBC), four-corner 60806, composition)

  1. circle

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 220, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 724, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5713

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
2nd round simp.
alternative forms

especially “yen”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢon): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɢon, *ɢun).

PronunciationEdit


Note: jen1 - “yen” (Hong Kong colloquial borrowing from English yen).
Note:
  • ièng - vernacular (“circle; round”);
  • uòng - literary (“complete; currency”).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • îⁿ - vernacular;
    • oân - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (17) (35)
    Final () (78) (80)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ziuᴇn/ /ɦˠiuᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zʷiɛn/ /ɦʷᵚiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zjuæn/ /ɣiuæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zwian/ /ɦwian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziuɛn/ /ɣjuɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwɛn/ /ɣĭwɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯wɛn/ /i̯wɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuán yuán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cyun4 jyun4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷ<r>en/
    English round

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16200
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢon/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (mathematics) circle
    2. circular; round
    3. complete; thorough
    4. tactful
    5. to complete
    6. (numismatics) yuan; dollar; yen
      Synonym: (yuán)

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (えん) (en)
    • Korean: (, won)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. round; circle
    2. yen

    ReadingsEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    えん1
    [noun] a round or circular object; a circle; roundness
    [noun] (mathematics) circle (set of all points in plane at a given distance and at a given point)
    [noun] yen
    [affix] circular; round
    [affix] smooth; harmonious
    [affix] yen: the official currency of Japan
    [proper noun] a surname
    [proper noun] a female given name
    まろ1
    [noun] (archaic) Alternative spelling of (roundness, plumpness)
    まる1
    [noun] Alternative spelling of (circle)
    [prefix] Alternative spelling of : prefix to numbers remaining constant
    [prefix] Alternative spelling of : prefix to noun to mean an object is completely in that noun
    [proper noun] a unisex given name
    のどか1
    [proper noun] a female given name
    Alternative spellings
    つぶら, まどか, まろか, みつ, めぐる
    つぶら1
    [proper noun] a surname
    Alternative spellings
    まどか, まとめ
    まろし1
    [proper noun] a unisex given name
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 둥글 (dunggeul won))

    1. Hanja form? of (circle).
    2. Hanja form? of (won).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: viên, vin

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.