U+58C5, 壅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58C5

[U+58C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58C6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜女土土 (YVGG), four-corner 00104, composition)

  1. to obstruct

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 240, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5524
  • Dae Jaweon: page 480, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 493, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+58C5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qoŋ, *qoŋʔ, *qoŋs): phonetic (OC *qoŋ, *qoŋs) + semantic (soil; ground).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (7) (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨoŋ/ /ʔɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔioŋ/ /ʔioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔioŋ/ /ʔioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuawŋ/ /ʔuawŋX/
Li
Rong
/ʔioŋ/ /ʔioŋX/
Wang
Li
/ĭwoŋ/ /ĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯woŋ/ /ʔi̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yōng yǒng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 15411 15419 15422
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoŋ/ /*qoŋʔ/ /*qoŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. plug up
  2. shut up

ReadingsEdit

  • Go-on: (yu)
  • Kan-on: よう (yō)
  • Kun: ふさぐ (fusagu)

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨoŋX).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean ᅙᅩᇰ〯 (Yale: qwǒng) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527 붓도돌〮 오ᇰ〯 Recorded as Middle Korean 오ᇰ〯 (Yale: wǒng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.
Gwangju Cheonjamun, 1575 마ᄀᆞᆯ Recorded as Middle Korean  옹 (Yale: wong) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞ːŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 막을 (mageul ong))

  1. Hanja form? of (to block; to obstruct).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: ung

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit