U+5DE6, 左
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DE6

[U+5DE5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DE7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 48 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大一 (KM), four-corner 40011, composition𠂇)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 325, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8720
  • Dae Jaweon: page 626, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 411, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DE6

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls
*ʔsaːls
*ʔslaːls
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sʰlaːlʔ
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sraːl, *ʔsraːls
*sʰlaːl, *slaːl
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *sʰreːls
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *ʔslɯl
*zlaːl, *sʰraːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral, *zral
*slaːlʔ, *sʰral, *sʰlaːɡ
*slaːlʔ
*ʔsljal
*sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːls, *sʰral
*sʰraːl
*zraːl, *zraːlʔ
*zlals

Originally as 𠂇 in the oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形) – a left hand. Compare (“right hand”).

Late bronze inscription forms show an added (“work; to assist?”) component, i.e. the current form is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls): phonetic 𠂇 + semantic , representing the original form of (OC *ʔsaːls, “to assist”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chó/chó͘ - literary;
  • chó - vernacular (Quanzhou).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suo²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡suo²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡suo¹³/
Jinan /t͡suə²¹/
Qingdao /t͡suə²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡suo⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡suo⁵³/
Xining /t͡su⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡suə⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡suə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡suɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡suo⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡so⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡so⁴²/
Kunming /t͡so⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡so²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʊ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sɤ⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡suɤ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡su³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡so⁵³/
Wenzhou /tɤu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡so³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡so³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡so⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡so⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡so²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡so³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡so³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɔ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɔ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡so⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡so³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡so⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /to²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (13)
Final () (94) (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡saX/ /t͡saH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuǒ zuò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuǒ zuǒ zuǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsaX › ‹ tsaX › ‹ tsaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsˤa[j]ʔ/ /*tsˤa[j]ʔ/ /*tsˤarʔ-s/
English left (side) assist assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 18004 18006
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːlʔ/ /*ʔsaːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. left (direction)
      ―  zuǒshǒu  ―  left hand
  2. east; areas to the east
  3. (historical) inferior position
  4. unorthodox; wrong
  5. different; divided; inconsistent
  6. (politics) left-wing
  7. A surname​.

AntonymsEdit

  • (yòu, “right”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/hidari/: *[pidari] → [ɸidari] → [çidari].

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ひだり, romaji hidari)

  1. (direction) left, the side of the left hand
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 229)
      Fidari. ヒダリ (左) 左手, または, 左の方
  2. (politics) a leftist
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji sa)

  1. the left in vertical writing
  2. the following (one)
    • 1905, Natsume Sōseki, 吾輩は猫である:
      吾輩 (わがはい)はまず (かれ)がどのくらい無学 (むがく)であるかを (ため)してみようと (おも)って ()問答 (もんどう)をして ()た。
      Wagahai wa mazu kare ga dono kurai mugaku de aru ka o tameshite miyō to omotte sa no mondō o shite mita.
      To judge just how uneducated he was, I posed the following question.

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Sound: [t͡ɕwɐ]
  • Name: [øn]/[we̞n]

HanjaEdit

‎(jwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chwa, Yale: cwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: oen, McCune-Reischauer: oen, Yale: oyn)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tả, , huy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.