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See also:
U+64C1, 擁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64C1

[U+64C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64C2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手卜女土 (QYVG), four-corner 50014, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 457, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 806, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1972, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+64C1

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qoːŋʔ, *qoŋ
*qoːŋs
*qoːŋs
*qoːŋs, *qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋs
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋs
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋʔ, *qoŋs
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋʔ
*qoŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qoŋ, *qoŋʔ): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *qoŋ, *qoŋs).

Pronunciation 1Edit

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𢹬
𢹭
𢺠
𢶜

Note:
  • é̤ṳng - colloquial;
  • ṳ̆ng - literary.
  • Min Nan

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨoŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔioŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔioŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔuawŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔioŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭwoŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯woŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǒng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 15416 15418
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qoŋ/ /*qoŋʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to embrace; to hug someone
    2. to wrap around; to squeeze
    3. to gather around; to crowd
    4. to provide support
    5. to have something
    6. crowd of people
    7. (dialectal Mandarin) to push
      使勁 [dialectal Mandarin, trad.]
      使劲 [dialectal Mandarin, simp.]
      Wǒ shǐjìn yī yōng, éi, mén kāi le. [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.
    variant forms
    𢫨
    𢶜

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) to push
      車仔 / 车仔 [Cantonese]  ―  ung2 ce1 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  to push a cart
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to push”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing , ,
    Taiwan
    Harbin ,
    Jinan
    Xi'an ,
    Zhengzhou
    Xuzhou
    Wuhan , ,
    Chengdu , , , ,
    Yangzhou ,
    Hefei ,
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong ,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 宿, , 𢱤
    Gan Nanchang , ,
    Hakka Meixian 𢱤
    Xingning 𢱤
    Huidong (Daling) 𢱤
    Qujiang
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
    Changting 𢱤
    Pingyu 𢱤
    Wuping 𢱤
    Liancheng 𢱤
    Ninghua 𢱤
    Yudu 𢱤
    Ruijin 𢱤
    Shicheng 𢱤
    Shangyou 𢱤
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𢱤
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𢱤
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𢱤
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𢱤
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 𢱤
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𢳪
    Hong Kong , 𢱤,
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou , 𢱤
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 𢱤
    Min Nan Xiamen , ,
    Quanzhou ,
    Zhangzhou , ,
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung ,
    Hsinchu ,
    Lukang ,
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen ,
    Magong
    Penang ,
    Chaozhou ,
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha ,
    Shuangfeng ,

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to hold
    2. to embrace
    3. to protect

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨoŋX).

    PronunciationEdit

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ong) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ong, Yale ong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ủng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit